Afghanistan: Protection Cluster - Central Region Update (November 2017)

Situation Report
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  • During the month of November, 1,683 individuals were displaced to or within the Central Region due to conflict, with the majority hosted in Kabul and Parwan provinces. Some 27,056 new IDPs in the Central Region have been recorded in 2017 as of 30 November.

  • Male and female community-based focus group discussions are conducted with IDPs at various different stages of displacement to inform protection risk analysis and to support a participatory humanitarian response. The leading causes of displacement include armed conflict between and among anti-government elements (AGEs) and pro-government forces (PGF), intimidation, abduction, aerial bombardment, looting of homes and destruction of property, disappearance or killing of family members, threats of forced recruitment, and illegal taxation.

  • In November, PGF conducted operations to recapture Andar district of Ghazni from AGEs, with associated clashes displacing 160 families to neighbouring villages. IDPs from Andar continue to fear further attacks by AGEs, undermining their hopes of a safe return to their place of origin.

  • In Tagab district of Kapisa province, air strikes by Afghan government and international forces, and clashes between AGEs and PGF in several villages resulted in the displacement of another 600 families to neighbouring villages and the provincial centre.

  • Across the Central Region, humanitarian agencies are distributing winterization assistance (cash-based and in-kind) in close coordination with ES/NFI cluster partners, Ministry of Refugees and repatriation and its departments in the provinces, and Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA), however, it is anticipated that freezing temperatures in coming months will contribute to a heightened risk of preventable mortality and severe hardship. For IDPs, returnees, and other vulnerable families in the Kabul informal settlements (KIS), essential services including healthcare remain limited, and there is a lack of adequate shelter, sanitation, and livelihoods.