Afghanistan

Afghanistan Humanitarian Update: Situation Report #7 (July 25, 2022)

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FAST FACTS

• International Medical Corps reached 130,851 people with WASH, health and protection services in June 2022.

• In June, we immediately responded to a deadly 5.9 magnitude earthquake, providing trauma-care services to 1,221 injured people and distributing 1,740 hygiene kits to people affected by the quake.

• In the last month, we have distributed 1,025 hygiene kits and 2,516 water kits in Balkh, Faryab, Nangarhar and Sari-Pul provinces.

Early in the morning of June 22, a 5.9-magnitude earthquake struck Afghanistan’s Paktika and Khost provinces. The quake—which was recorded at a depth of about 6 miles—was felt as far away as Kabul, as well as in Pakistan and India. Gayan district in Paktika province, where International Medical Corps has been working since 2004, was the most affected. The quake left more than 1,000 people dead and many thousands injured and homeless. Damage to buildings and infrastructure was widespread, reaching levels of 70% of homes damaged or destroyed in some villages. Our teams have confirmed that many villages sustained significant damage, with most residents either killed or injured.

Priority needs included trauma care, emergency shelter, non-food items (NFIs), food assistance, mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) services, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) support. Cholera outbreaks and an increase in COVID-19 cases following the widespread displacement and disruption in access to health and hygiene services continue to be of particular concern.

The earthquake compounds an already complex and increasingly severe humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan, where all 34 provinces are struggling with persistent drought conditions, an ongoing economic crisis, conflict and COVID-19—leading to a widespread loss of livelihoods, skyrocketing prices for food and other essential commodities and increased hunger. An estimated 22.8 million Afghan people—more than half the country’s population—are facing acute food insecurity. Children and pregnant and lactating women have been disproportionately impacted, with malnourishment all too common, but the health system has struggled to address the growing need.