Afghanistan Humanitarian Response: Wash Cluster Updates, Cluster Achievements - September 2019
Response: ZOA conducted hygiene promotion to undocumented returnees’ households in Kot district of Nangarhar Province, the project includes drilling borehole for water supply, installation of emergency latrines and hygiene promotion along with hygiene kits distribution. In addition to that the WASH in School is also part of the project.
Challenges/Issues: Access due to insecurity continue to be a challenge hindering merely response by the WASH partners in such locations as Hirat (Shindand district) Ghor, Ghazni and Baghlan. There are challenges in establishing durable solutions in provinces like Nimroz, Badghis, Jawzjan and Balkh for IDPs staying for longer period in the displacement location with no indication of returning to their places of origin due to protectition concerns; The challenge with these locations is the saline groundwater and thereby require capital intensive technology such as Reverse Osmosis, which some of the donors are unwilling to fund due to complexity of its operation and maintenance at community level affecting sustainability of such interventions.
Needs assessments: WASH cluster partners have identified about 4,600 drought affected (32,200 people) in need of WASH assistance in Hirat and Badghis Provinces. In additition, WASH partners are currently conducting needs assessments in different provinces, which will be completed in the coming weeks.
Preparedness and durable solutitions: WASH partners have emergency stocks in 46 locations across 23 provinces (42,046 hygiene kits, 14,151 water kits, 3,042 latrine slabs, 209 water storage tanks of different capacities and 5 Million Aqua tab) that can cover the needs of about 250,000 people for a period of a month.