Afghanistan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 80 | 01 January – 31 March 2019
• People are frequently forced to endure multiple displacements, reducing their coping and recovery capacities.
• 36% of IDPs and returnees are diagnosed with life-threatening noncommunicable diseases.
• Floods have had significant and devastating impacts on the fragile education systems.
• Conflict is consistently depriving Afghan children of an education in situations where their schools are occupied or damaged in fighting.
Displacement in Afghanistan
Afghanistan has suffered from its most severe drought in decades and been hard hit by floods. This edition of the Humanitarian Bulletin considers the human costs of the resulting displacements and the myriad ways lives are upended and disrupted. How will the international humanitarian community continue to tackle problems caused by cycles of drought, flooding and conflict, all of which derail progress throughout Afghanistan?
Health matters: access to health services during displacements
Contributions from WHO and the health cluster in Afghanistan
In 2018, over 380,000 people were displaced from their homes because of conflict. Also last year 800,000 undocumented Afghan people returned home from neighbouring countries. These undocumented returnees face significant difficulties in accessing social services and consequently often experience significant poverty.
Under the basic package of health services (BPHS) in Afghanistan, the whole population, including displaced people, returnees and migrants, are ensured adequate access to essential health services. The BPHS is a strategy for the implementation of primary health care (PHC) which outsources service delivery to NGOs.
Tackling chronic diseases for IDPs and returnees
Some 36 per cent of IDPs and returnees in Afghanistan are diagnosed with lifethreatening non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In 2018, the health cluster and its partners began to supply essential medicines and supplies for NCDs as part of the emergency response for IDPs and returnees. The overall response strategy is also strengthening the capacity of frontline workers through new training on how to recognize, assess and treat NCDs.
For more information about the health cluster, please click here.