Afghanistan Food Security Update, November 2006


to 11/24/2006

Summary and implications

Floods damaged homes and agricultural land throughout the country in November. The impact of the floods was particularly severe in the northwest, where a large food insecure population already existed due to the previous season's drought, and immediate targeted humanitarian assistance is needed to prevent widespread distress migration. In the central highlands, seasonal food price increases may restrict poor households' access to food. Wage labor has become the dominant livelihood in the central highlands and southern provinces, but intensified conflict has decreased access to wage labor and further burdened the food insecure population, particularly in the south.

Seasonal calendar

Current hazard summary

- Above-normal precipitation and temperatures in November 2006 are causing flooding in most of Afghanistan.

- Below-normal and ill-timed precipitation during the 2005/06 winter resulted in a 50 to 80 percent loss of the rainfed harvest of May, June and July 2006 and caused drinking water shortages in northern Afghanistan.

- Early snow melt in early 2006 reduced the irrigation water supply for the winter 2006/07 cultivation season.

- The deterioration of security in southern Afghanistan has forced 20,000 families to flee their homes.

- Food prices noticeably increased in Faryab and Daykundi provinces compared to historical wheat market prices data.