Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
As planned in the DREF EPoA, ARCS with support from IFRC Afghanistan Delegation has distributed food assistance to 5,000 affected households in the five target provinces by the end of December 2020: Kapisa 1,200 households; Paktika 800 households; Panjshir 600 households; Parwan 1,200 households; and Maidan Wardak 1,200 households. However, following the detail assessment and the findings from ECHO visit on first week of January, among other findings is that there are still gaps and request in meeting the basic needs, especially food items, of the affected people.
ARCS therefore plans to procure and distribute food items to an additional 910 affected households in Panjshir and Kapisa provinces. The contract with current supplier of food items is still open, it is therefore feasible to order more food items without having to undergo procurement procedure from the scratch. This will accelerate the distribution of additional food items.
In order to do so, ARCS has requested a one-month timeframe extension for this DREF operation (end date to be extended from 31 January 2021 to 28 February 2021).
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Disasters brought on by natural hazards affecting around 250,000 people a year, causing many to flee their homes, including some already displaced by conflict and violence in Afghanistan. Seasonal rains, floods and landslides regularly affect the northern and north-eastern regions, destroying homes and infrastructure. The country is also exposed to drought, extreme temperatures, avalanches, and storms.
On 26 August 2020, due to heavy rainfall, floods hit 14 provinces (Parwan, Maidan Wardak, Kabul, Kapisa, Logar, Nuristan, Kunar, Laghman, Nangarhar, Panjshir,
Khost, Paktiya, Paktika, and Ghazni) of the country. Around 56,000 people (8,000 households) were affected as per the findings of joint assessments (Government Departments, ARCS, UN Agencies, and International NGOs) conducted in these provinces. More than 145 people were killed and another 167 sustained injuries across the affected provinces. Houses, agricultural lands, livestock, and public infrastructure have also been impacted. The map below highlights the affected provinces.
Considering the immediate needs of the affected-populations, details are outlined under the need analysis section below. A number of government departments (department of rural rehabilitation and development, department of public health, department of disaster management, department of refugee and repatriations) and international organizations (UNICEF, IOM, DRC, DACAAR, Care International, etc.) agreed to respond mainly in non-food sectors. Several international organizations, including ECHO’s funded ERM (Emergency Response Mechanism) programme, provided multipurpose cash grants in some of the affected provinces other than the ones targeted by this DREF. According to the coordination with these stakeholders, ARCS was requested by National Emergency Operation Committee (comprising of governmental agencies, ARCS, international NGOs and UN agencies) to provide food assistance to the affected households in the five provinces (Kapisa, Maidan Wardak, Parwan, Panjshir, and Paktika).