Afghanistan: Drought response (October 2018 – February 2019)

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In numbers

Wheat production will likely be 28% below the five-year average, with a deficit of 2.5 million tonnes

275 000 people displaced by drought as of September 2018

42% of the population reported a decrease in income compared with last year

92% of farmers reported insufficient or no seeds for the next planting season

48% of pastoralists reported reduced livestock productivity and an increase in animal deaths

Key points

• Most households are moving to cities, distress selling livestock, reducing planting area, skipping meals or eating poor quality food. Overuse of these emergency livelihood coping techniques will compromise their ability to recover asset losses and deal with future shocks.

• Without assistance, the food security and livelihood situation will not improve and could deteriorate.

• Affected populations require urgent agricultural inputs in time for the winter planting season and livestock protection for the peak harsh winter months up to February 2019 in the main 12 drought‑affected provinces.

Planned response

• Distribute certified wheat seeds and quality fertilizer to 102 000 households (714 000 people) in December–January

• Distribute concentrated feed and de-worming to 61 200 households (428 000 people) throughout the winter

• Provide wheat seeds to 17 600 households (123 200 people) by December

• Provide livestock protection support (feed and fodder) to 142 000 households (994 000 people) by January

• Distribute nutrition-sensitive backyard vegetable kits and drought‑resilient fodder crop seeds to affected households by February