Afghanistan + 3 more

Afghanistan - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #4, Fiscal Year (FY) 2018

Situation Report
Originally published



  • Drought internally displaces an estimated 253,600 people as of September 30

  • Some drought-affected households likely to experience IPC 4 levels of acute food insecurity by January

  • Conflict, strained capacity hinder humanitarian response efforts

Key Developments

  • Populations in Afghanistan are experiencing increased humanitarian needs due to severe, persistent drought in 20 of the country’s 34 provinces. The drought, which began in early 2018, has affected an estimated 2.2 million people to date. Priority needs among drought-affected populations include agriculture and food security, health, nutrition, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assistance, the UN reports.

  • From January–September, more than 577,200 undocumented Afghans returned to Afghanistan from Iran and Pakistan, representing a nearly 54 percent increase compared to the same period in 2017, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Recent political and economic developments in Iran, where the majority of returnees had fled, likely drove the uptick in returns, IOM reports.

  • On September 22, U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan John R. Bass announced an additional $43.8 million in USAID/FFP funding to deliver critical food assistance to drought-affected populations in Afghanistan. In FY 2018, the U.S. Government (USG) provided nearly $228.6 million to assist conflict- and disaster-affected Afghans.