h On October 23, an armed group attacked the U.N. Assistance Mission in Afghanistan located in the U.N. compound in the western city of Herat, killing two Afghan security officers. The U.N. Department of Safety and Security reported a 133 percent increase in security incidents directly affecting U.N. agencies in September 2010, compared to September 2009. A trend analysis of attacks against civilians and humanitarian agencies indicates that conflict has spread to traditionally calm regions in northwestern and western Afghanistan, further impeding humanitarian response efforts, according to the U.N.
h On September 18, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) held elections for the Wolesi Jirga, the lower level of parliament. According to the GIRoA Independent Election Commission, more than 3.6 million peopleXnearly 40 percent of eligible votersXvoted in the elections; participating voters increased from 35 percent in the 2009 presidential election, according to international media sources. In addition, insurgent attacks during the election decreased approximately 30 percent compared to attacks during the 2009 presidential election, according to U.S. government sources.