A humanitarian response to the life saving needs of 3.8 million people
Internal conflict continued to cause displacements and deaths, with some 140,000 people newly displaced in 2014, reflecting a significant upsurge in violence in parts of the country. The start of military operations in North Waziristan Agency Pakistan saw the arrival of 225,000 refugees in Afghanistan. Flood caused devastation for 8,000 families whose homes were destroyed in early 2014. In response, humanitarian partners provided emergency food and livelihoods assistance to more than 1.2 million people, support to some 390,000 people affected by conflict and natural disasters, life-saving nutritional assistance to many of those impacted by flooding.
Afghanistan is going through a period of transition; politically, militarily and economically. With the election of a new president and withdrawal of significant numbers of international troops, the country moved forward on a number of key issues in 2014. However, providing basic services and protection to all Afghans continued to be a challenge due in large part to the context and resulting economic burden.
In a context of continued conflict, propensity to natural disasters, underlying chronic poverty and insufficient basic services, aid organisations will in 2015 provide principled life-saving humanitarian assistance in the sectors of food, health, nutrition, water and sanitation to some 3.8 million most vulnerable Afghans; with a focus on insecure, underserved and hard to reach areas.
To achieve this, and taking into account the challenging operational environment of Afghanistan, a collective response, including emergency preparedness, robust protection mainstreaming, innovative access strategies, and strong coordination will be mounted.
Key in providing life-saving relief is to link it to preparedness, mitigation against future shocks, as well as to advocate for durable solutions for the internally displaced, an expanded healthcare system, and improved water management to help reduce reliance on humanitarian assistance.
The 2015 humanitarian response needs $405 million. This appeal, while comparable in scale to 2014 requirements, reflects a robust prioritisation of nutrition, shelter, WASH and protection needs, as well as those of refugees from Pakistan. These requirements reflect both what needs to be done to save lives as well as what can be realistically achieved though a collective response by humanitarian partners.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.