Disasters wipe out development progress and are being exacerbated by climate change, population growth, ecosystem degradation, and uncontrolled economic development. The poorest and the most vulnerable people are the hardest impacted groups of people as they are the most exposed to hazards and least able to minimize the hazard risks because of their low capacities. When this situation is ignored or unmanaged, there will be a serious threat for the ongoing sustainable development.
The use of a landscape approach, although not new, is gaining prominence as an approach to effectively reduce disaster risk, adapt to climate change and enhance community resilience. Based on the experience of CARE and Wetlands International in the Partners for Resilience alliance, and on best practices developed by other experts, this paper synthesises the main characteristics of the landscape approach and suggests seven steps when adopting a landscape approach.
This report presents the case for improving the condition of the wetlands of the Sahel as part of a strategy to address human migration and its links to the degradation of land and water resources, poverty, conflict and climate change. We offer an analysis of the key trends and issues and their relevance to existing policy goals.
Wetlands and livelihoods in the Sahel
The Mahanadi delta and Kosi-Gandak floodplains in India are home to millions of farmers and fishers who used to benefit from the dynamic and nutrient rich floods within the landscape.
Dams and dykes have led to the fragmentation of water regimes, and in the coastal region the mangrove ecosystems are highly degraded or even lost. This leaves communities vulnerable to droughts, floods and cyclones.