Cities and villages in northern and central India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, southern Madagascar and southern Mozambique are facing acute water scarcity threatening the lives and livelihoods of millions, new analysis by WaterAid shows.
Based on NASA satellite imagery released earlier this year, the analysis also examines current rates of access to water for rural and urban areas in most-affected regions.
In Afghanistan, there are separate schools for girls and boys and it is estimated that only 16% of schools are for girls. Many rural and displaced girls are unable to attend school regularly. There are no specific menstrual hygiene management (MHM) policies; however, gender-separated toilets are the norm and girls’ washrooms have been incorporated into designs. O&M remains a huge problem. Poor security complicates matters.
The Government officially supports the provision of: gender-appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in both primary and secondary schools; menstrual hygiene management (MHM) guidance for students and teachers; and, facilities for the supply and disposal of MHM materials.
The Government supports the provision of gender-appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in schools and nunneries. However, there is poor operations and maintenance (O&M) and limited knowledge about menstruation among girls. Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) guidance for students has been developed and training for teachers is underway to improve their understanding of – and confidence to teach – menstruation and puberty.