Malnutrition and Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD)/Cholera
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): 202,700
In April 2015, President Pierre Nkurunziza’s announcement that he would run for a third term led to a coup attempt and an outbreak of violence in Burundi. More than 624,000 Burundians are displaced either within Burundi due to violence or natural disaster or as refugees and asylum seekers in neighboring countries.
Central African Republic
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): 600,000
Ongoing conflict has damaged critical water, sanitation, and health infrastructure and disrupted access to food, leading to increasing rates of malnutrition and also contributing to the outbreak of cholera in Yemen. Cholera - an acute diarrheal illness that can spread rapidly through contaminated food and water - is suspected to have infected more than 540,000 people in Yemen since late April 2017. Children suffering from acute malnutrition are especially susceptible to cholera; more than one million children in Yemen suffer from acute malnutrition, according to Save the Children.
Four of Afghanistan’s eastern provinces – Kabul, Kunar, Laghman, and Nangarhar – host over 1.7 million vulnerable Afghans: 1.04 million returnees and 697,607 internally displaced persons (IDPs). During a surge in returns from Pakistan in late 2016, the majority of returning Afghans entered at the Torkham border crossing in Nangarhar province, which hosts the largest number of last year’s returnees despite many claiming a different province of origin. Overall, Kabul district hosts the most returnees and IDPs of any district in Afghanistan.