The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 525,000 children under the age of five die of diarrheal disease every year. Approximately 58% of these deaths are due to inadequate water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). Although use of basic sanitation has increased since 2000, 2.3 billion people still lack this essential service. The economic losses from poor WASH in middle and low income countries are $260 billion annually.
Humanitarian organizations in Bangladesh continue to struggle with the influx of over 600,000 Rohingya fleeing Burma. The total Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar District has almost tripled since August, and is now estimated between 800,000 and one million. The population is increasingly concentrating around the planned Kutupalong extension site, where the lack of basic infrastructure and dense living conditions raise the potential for a rapid disease outbreak.
Since an August 25th insurgent attack on security posts in Burma over half a million people, primarily Rohingya, have fled violence and targeted burning in Burma’s Rakhine State, seeking refuge in the Cox’s Bazar District of Bangladesh. This massive, rapid influx has more than doubled the estimated Rohingya population in the district in less than five weeks, overwhelming humanitarian organizations’ capacity to provide emergency food, shelter, health, and WASH assistance.
Malnutrition and Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD)/Cholera
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): 202,700
In April 2015, President Pierre Nkurunziza’s announcement that he would run for a third term led to a coup attempt and an outbreak of violence in Burundi. More than 624,000 Burundians are displaced either within Burundi due to violence or natural disaster or as refugees and asylum seekers in neighboring countries.
Central African Republic
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): 600,000