The United Nations Support Mission for Libya (UNSMIL) is an integrated special political mission established on 16 September 2011 by UN Security Council Resolution 2009 (2011) at the request of the Libyan authorities to support the country's new transitional authorities in their post-conflict efforts. UNSMIL’s mandate was modified and extended by the Security Council in resolutions 2022 (2011), 2040 (2012), 2095 (2013), 2144 (2014), 2238 (2015) and 2323 (2016). Its current mandate is stipulated by the latest UN Security Council Resolution 2376 (2017), which extended UNSMIL's mission until 15 September 2018.
Zawiya, 9 September 2018 - The United Nations Support Mission to Libya (UNSMIL) hosted a meeting today to discuss the consolidation of the 4 September 2018 ceasefire, agree on a monitoring and verification mechanism and begin talks on the security arrangements in the Greater Tripoli area.
The meeting, convened in the western Libyan city of Zawiya, was attended by representatives of the Government of National Accord and the military commanders, security apparatuses and armed groups present in and around the Capital.
I would like to congratulate the United States of America on its presidency of the Council this month and thank you for this opportunity to update the Council.
Mr President, Members of the Council
In each and every briefing I have given to this Council, I have stated that the status quo in Libya is untenable.
The violence that consumed the Capital beginning 26 August shattered the façade of calm that had prevailed in Tripoli since May 2017.
Zawiya, 4 September, 2018 – The UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) thanks the Libyan parties who accepted the Mission’s invitation for dialogue and congratulates them on reaching a ceasefire agreement to end the fighting afflicting Tripoli since 26 August. The agreement was signed under the auspices of Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Libya Dr. Ghassan Salame.
Tunis, 4 September 2018 – From 1 August to 31 August 2018, the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) documented 25 civilian casualties –22 deaths and three injuries – during the conduct of hostilities across Libya. Victims included 14 men, two woman, four boys and two girls killed, and two men and one woman injured. The actual number of civilian casualties is believed to be higher. UNSMIL continues to seek to confirm additional civilian casualties in the course of ongoing hostilities in Tripoli.
Tripoli, 2 September 2018 – On the basis of the relevant Security Council resolutions and the offer of the UN Secretary General to mediate between the various Libyan parties, and responding to requests by the various parties, including the internationally recognized Government of National Accord, to hold an urgent dialogue on the current security situation in Tripoli, UNSMIL invites the various concerned parties to an expanded meeting on Tuesday noon at a venue to be announced later.
In 2014, persistent rivalry over control of governmental institutions eventually resulted in a national conflict effectively dividing the country into two competing Libyan polities, respectively spearheaded by the House of Representatives (HoR) and Interim Government in the east and the Government of National Accord with the Presidential Council in the west. The competition between these two polities divided national institutions and further fragmented the security sector.