Dzud is a cyclical slow onset disaster unique to Mongolia. It consists of a summer drought, resulting in insufficient production of hay, followed by a very heavy winter snow (10 to 350 cm), winds and lower than normal temperatures (-40° C to-50° C). During this time an excessive number of livestock die causing basic services, and in the longer term, livelihoods to collapse in vulnerable herder communities.
Today, the National Emergency Management Agency, the United Nations agencies in Mongolia, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, World Vision and Save the Children International jointly launched the Mongolian Humanitarian Country Team ("HCT") with the key objective of improving coordination and harmonizing of preparedness and response to humanitarian disasters.
The Humanitarian Country Team is composed of those organizations that undertake humanitarian actions and have accepted to co-lead, with Government, sector wide approaches to preparing for …
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Mongolia has one of the coldest climates in the world, with temperatures dropping below -20=BAC for several months each year. The 2009-10 winter, which has been extremely harsh even by Mongolian standards, has resulted in increased maternal and child mortality, and an unprecedented loss of livestock and the collapse of thousands of people's livelihoods and many basic services.
[ 25 January 2010 ]
Mongolia is currently threatened by a "Dzud", which is a multiple natural disaster consisting of a summer drought producing small stockpiling of fodder, followed by very heavy winter snow and lower than normal temperatures.
Heavy and continuous snowfall and blizzards have resulted in a sharp fall in daily temperatures - dropping to below -40=B0Celsius in 19 out of a total of 21 'aimags' (provinces) in Mongolia.
According to the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the extreme cold and heavy snow have already caused the death of more …