This report analyses data collected from refugees, asylum-seekers, and migrants currently living in the Austrian states of Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Upper Austria, and Vorarlberg.
As of August 2017, some 69,174 refugees, asylum seekers and other migrants were in situations of limbo across Greece and the Western Balkans. Their wait – for refugee status determination, relocation, family reunification or some other way to reach protection in their planned destinations across central and northern Europe – is characterised by limited information, uncertainty about the future and a growing sense of hopelessness.
What is the difference between a “refugee” and a “migrant”? And why does it matter?
The basic difference between the two designations, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), is that “refugees are persons fleeing armed conflict or persecution”, while migrants “choose to move not because of a direct threat of persecution or death, but mainly to improve their lives by finding work, or in some cases for education, family reunion, or other reasons”.
This paper explores the ‘politics of labelling’ in the UK in relation to the perceived migration ‘crisis’ of 2014-present. Drawing upon philosophical insights in relation to types of violence, I argue that the moral distinction that sustains the labels ‘migrant’ and ‘refugee’ in the present context is untenable, and find that: