Highlights for September
-Increased displacement of civilians in Mali due to armed conflict: According to a report from the Norwegian Refugee Council published on 7 September 2018, close to 50,000 people have fled their homes in northern and central Mali in 2018, due to intercommunal clashes, a rise in armed groups and military operations.
In July, the Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi) conducted 384 in-depth interviews with refugees and migrants in West Africa, including 92 people transiting through Agadez and Niamey in Niger; 171 people transiting through Mopti, Gao, Ber and Timbuktu in Mali and 121 people transiting through Dori and Bobo Dioulasso in Burkina Faso.
In July, 280 men and 104 women from 20 countries in Central and Western Africa were interviewed. The average age of respondents was 29 years.
The policing of migration is growing in pervasiveness and form. A manifestation of this approach is seen in the ways civil society becomes entangled in the enforcement of State migration objectives. This is visible through the intent to instrumentalise civilians, or non-State actors, for the policing of people on the move and that of other foreign nationals. Several examples of this exist worldwide in migration management structures including, amongst others
The Kefala labour migrant sponsorship system in the Middle East and the Arab Gulf;
2,184 refugees and migrants were interviewed by 4Mi in West Africa between 1 January and 31 July 2018, in Mali (Mopti, Gao and Timbuktu), Niger (Niamey and Agadez) and Burkina Faso (Dori and Bobo Dioulasso). 66% Respondents are from more than 18 countries in West and Central Africa.
The average age of respondents is 29, ranging from a minimum age of 18 to a maximum of 64 years old.