INSS Insight No. 850, August 29, 2016 | Eran Yashiv
Exactly one hundred years ago, two diplomats, one British and one French, concluded the Sykes-Picot agreement, which divided the Middle East into two zones of influence. The agreement became one of the cornerstones of the region, and gave the core area of the Middle East the shape it has assumed since the end of World War I. However, the political order founded a century ago by what were then British and French superpowers, including the regimes created and the borders delineated, is currently under serious challenge.
The Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) are aptly named. This court was created by the African Union (AU) and Senegal in 2012, specifically to try former Chadian president Hissène Habré and his cronies for atrocities allegedly committed during his time in office between 1982 and 1990.
When he was dragged into the dock last July – very much against his will, because he does not acknowledge the court’s jurisdiction – Habré became the first former (not to mention incumbent) African head of state to go on trial for international crimes before an AU court.