This status paper has been prepared by HRRP with the objective of providing a snapshot of progress in urban reconstruction to date, the challenges and opportunities in urban reconstruction, and some suggestions for next steps.
The document introduces the context, provides photographs of common housing typologies found in urban areas, shares examples of reconstruction issues in urban parts of earthquake affected districts, and provides information about initiatives to address some of these issues.
The Gorkha Earthquake, which struck Nepal on 25 April 2015, caused widespread damage and loss of life across almost 50% of the country. The Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) identified 32 districts as earthquake affected, across five different categories of impact:
• Severely Hit: Gorkha, Dhading, Rasuwa, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchok, Dolakha, and Ramechhap
• Crisis Hit: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Kavre, Okhaldhunga, Sindhuli, and Makwanpur
• Hit with Heavy Losses: Lamjung, Tanahun, Chitwan, Solukhumbhu, and Khotang