Protracted crises, whether human-induced or the result of repeated natural disasters, are often characterized by poor governance, weak institutional capacity and high levels of violence. These conditions can exacerbate food insecurity and hamper efforts to respond appropriately in a technical or non-political way. Often, the state has limited capacity to respond to and mitigate threats to populations, provide adequate levels of protection, or even to absorb aid and direct it in ways that address the underlying causes of the crisis.
This brief provides a summary of the concept of resilience as it applies to protracted crises. The increasing focus on resilience is driven by the desire to avoid repeated impoverishment and suffering caused by recurrent shocks. Definitions of resilience vary but have the common elements of capacity to bounce back after a shock and the capacity to adapt to change.
This brief provides an overview of lessons learned about food security in protracted crises, drawing on both interdisciplinary academic research and reflections “from the field”. These insights provide a deeper understanding of threats to food security and actions that can be taken to help individuals, groups (including households and communities) and systems (social, environmental, economic and political) manage and resolve protracted crises.
The purpose of this brief is to set the scene for the High Level Expert Forum on food insecurity in protracted crises. It presents an overview of the main defining characteristics of countries in protracted crises and their consequences particularly regarding food insecurity.
20 June 2012 – United Nations agencies today stressed the need to tackle child hunger and undernutrition in the pursuit of sustainable development, highlighting a joint initiative that offers practical and effective approaches to combat this problem in the most affected countries.
Under the REACH initiative, the World Food Programme (WFP), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have committed to a renewed effort against child hunger and undernutrition.