According to the IPC Analysis, as for June-September 2018, Lubombo region is classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) with 122 657 people or 25% of the population in Crisis conditions. Hhohho and Manzini regions are classified at Minimal level of food insecurity (IPC Phase 1), and Shiselweni region is classified at Stressed level (IPC Phase 2).
The Market Assessment’s intervention modality selection process identified the following key findings:
A total of 35 markets in 29 Tinkhundla across the country’s 4 regions were assessed. In total, 12 wholesalers, 64 medium vendors, and 43 small traders/retailers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire for a total of 119 traders.
Southern Africa experienced an unprecedented El Niño phenomenon affecting the region with two consecutive years of drought and erratic rains. The year 2015 was the hottest and driest year on record (in over a century) for South Africa and 2016 is set top this record. With numerous member countries affected by drought1 , SADC announced a regional state of emergency, requesting US $2.4 billion to address the effects of the crisis.
The Annual assessment’s objectives mainly was to understand the status of livelihood sources in the rural and urban areas, thus to determine levels of food insecurity amongst populations, estimating vulnerable populations facing food insecurity and establish forms of coping mechanisms adopted during periods of food insecurity. The outputs from the assessment were further used to inform the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), as direct and indirect evidence. The IPC Analytical Framework was used to further classify rural populations into Phases.