IEDs and war crimes against civilians in Afghanistan
Regional pressure grows over crimes against humanity in Venezuela
In an unprecedented step, on 26 September six countries wrote to the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) requesting that her office open a formal investigation into possible crimes against humanity in Venezuela. The six regional states - Argentina, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru - are the first countries to have referred a situation to the ICC for crimes that have taken place in another state.
As Cameroon prepares for its 7 October presidential elections, armed conflict and identity-based violence continue to escalate in the North-West and South-West regions where security forces are committing potential crimes against humanity. Over the last year at least 400 people have been killed and numerous villages have been burned down. More than 246,000 people are displaced in the South-West region alone.
Renewed Hodeidah offensive endangers millions of lives
Following the UN Special Envoy's unsuccessful launch of political consultations between parties to the civil war in Yemen, government forces - with the support of the international military coalition led by Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates - have renewed their military offensive on Hodeidah. The escalation of hostilities in the major port city endangers the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians, and leaves vital civilian infrastructure at risk of destruction.
South Sudan between war and peace
On 12 September the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir, and the main opposition leader, Riek Machar, signed a revised version of the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS). The new agreement brings an end to various negotiations that have taken place intermittently since the international High-Level Revitalization Forum was launched during December 2017.