This report evaluates the impact of the natural disasters and extreme weather events that occurred worldwide during 2017 and provides an overview of global economic losses.
The accumulated knowledge and perceptions of communities 'at risk' are recognized as key elements in ameliorating or managing disaster risk at local level, particularly in places where much of the crucial information as well as the technical and economic resources for risk assessments are not otherwise available. The research behind this paper demonstrates that local community knowledge related to flooding can be systematically structured into spatial and non-spatial information compatible with a GIS (geo information systems) set-up.
The year 2008 was unremarkable from an insured natural catastrophe loss perspective. May's earthquake in China and September's Hurricane Ike brought the most coverage from the news media, but these events proved to be mere sideshows when compared to the capital stresses put upon insurers and reinsurers from the credit and liquidity crisis.
There are three basic approaches to assessing the impact of disaster and defining relief assistance requirements after a disaster: the damage done, the needs of the affected population or the rights which the survivors have to achieve life with dignity. Each approach has advantages in assessing post-disaster needs. Each approach overlaps with the other two, but each represents a different theoretical view of what should take place following a disaster.