The Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC), which was established in Kobe in July 1998, will celebrate its 20th anniversary this year. Since its founding, ADRC has been focused on promoting multilateral disaster risk reduction cooperation at the community, national, and regional levels all across Asia and the Pacific.
1. Outline of Asian Disaster Reduction Center
1) Background of Establishment
(1) International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR) (2) World Conference on International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (3) Ministerial-level Asian Natural Disaster Reduction Conference
(1) Articles of ADRC (2) Member Countries
3) Primary Policies
(1) Missions and Objectives (2) Main Activities
2. Main Activities of ADRC
- Background, in the light of Disaster
Nepal is in a threat of multiple natural hazards. Flood, landslide and fire are frequent occurrence disasters and the country is prone to earthquake, being at a ridge of Tibetian and Indial Plates colliding each-other along with the Himalayan Region. The recent date has shown that the thunderstorm and the epidemics are becoming those disasters, which are killing the higher number of people in the recent days. The country has remained at the top 20th list of the most multi-hazard prone countries in the world.
Fiscal year 2014 saw an increasing number of huge typhoons and cyclones, torrential rains and storms, which might have been influenced by climate changes at global scale. These disasters, and the subsequent floods and landslides caused the loss of many lives and the destruction of massive amounts of property, leading to a further increase of roles and responsibilities of ADRC in natural disasters risk reduction in Asia.
It is said that natural disasters know no borders. Indeed, countries all across Asia experienced a variety of disasters, including earthquakes, typhoons, floods, forest fires, drought, and landslides, and these regularly resulted in the loss of many precious lives and a tremendous amount of property.