ACT (Action on Climate Today) is working to reduce the effects of climate change in South Asia. The initiative is funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and managed by Oxford Policy Management. It brings together two existing DFID programmes: the Climate Proofing Growth and Development (CPGD) programme, and the Climate Change Innovation Programme (CCIP).
South Asia is being seriously affected by climate change, and the impact will only get worse as time goes on. By 2050, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that higher temperatures and greater temperature extremes will hit the region. Furthermore, rainfall is likely to become more erratic, with some areas receiving more than they do now and others suffering more frequent and serious droughts.
Over the same period, the population of the region is expected to expand from 1.6 to 2.2 billion. Coupled with rapid economic growth and urbanisation – and the effects of climate change – this will be a great challenge to governments seeking sustainable development for their citizens.
New approach puts theory of Climate-Resilient Agriculture into practice on the ground
Agriculture is one of the most climate vulnerable sectors of the economy.
Agriculture production is highly sensitive to extreme events such as floods and droughts, as well as long-term changes to rainfall and temperature that can lead to reduction in yields and shifts in cropping patterns.
New approach puts theory of Climate-Resilient Water Management into practice on the ground
Climate-driven water scarcity could reduce GDP growth rates in South Asia by as much as 6%.1
Climate change will increase water-stress through irregular rainfall patterns and increased incidence of floods and droughts.
The Action on Climate Today (ACT) programme has developed a conceptual framework that clearly distinguishes Climate Resilient Water Management (CRWM) from traditional approaches to water management.
The cost of climate change adaptation in South Asia could be as much as US$500 billion per year by 2050. Insufficient funding remains one of the biggest barriers to climate adaptation action. However, few countries have successfully accounted for public spending on climate adaptation.
A new framework that makes sure government spending on adaptation is effective, has been successfully tested in South Asia.