ACLED (Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset) is designed for disaggregated conflict analysis and crisis mapping. This dataset codes the locations, dates and types of all reported conflict events in over 50 countries in the developing world. Data are available for public download from the data page. ACLED is directed by Prof. Clionadh Raleigh and is associated with the International Peace Research Institute (PRIO). ACLED has been supported by the World Bank's Development Economics Group Research Support Budget, the Irish Research Council, Minerva project funding through the CCAPS program and the European Research Commission.
A new wave of violent demonstrations occurred last week in the oil-rich province of Basra in southern Iraq as the mounting pressure of economic and social grievances reached a boiling point. At the heart of the crisis is a set of complex issues revolving around the various political crises which have plagued the Iraqi government since the start of 2018.
On July 1, the offensive for the port city of Hodeidah was officially put on hold (for the various phases leading up to the battle, see ACLED pieces on Operation Golden Spear, Operation Red Thunder, and Operation Golden Victory). While UAE foreign minister Anwar Gargash has pledged that the pause was aimed at giving UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths more time to find a political solution – namely the “unconditional Houthi withdrawal from Hodeidah city and port” – it is yet unclear, and seems unlikely, that the Houthis will withdraw from the city.
A heavy artillery exchange occurred last week between Hamas and Israeli military forces along the Gaza border, leading to a ceasefire brokered by Egypt. In Iraq, anti-regime protests in Basrah and Thi-Qar governorates escalated in scale and violence, spreading to other areas of the country including the capital Baghdad. In Yemen, UAE-backed and Saudi-led soldiers fought with Houthi militiamen in the Hudaydah and Sadah governorates, while a rare clash between the local Islamic State (IS) and Al-Qaeda factions occurred in Al-Qassim governorate.
Last week was marked by a surge in reported fatalities in Afghanistan and Pakistan as well as the start of the third session of the 21st Century Panglong Union Peace Conference amidst a spike in violence in Myanmar.