According to the UNDP's human development index
(HDI), 33 of the world's 50 poorest countries are in sub-Saharan Africa.
Plagued by malnutrition, poverty, illiteracy and appalling sanitary conditions,
the African continent is hardest hit by the growth of inequality throughout
the world. Although the countries of Africa made considerable progress
in economic and social development from the 1960s to the 1980s, that progress
has slowed down, especially because of the catastrophic effects of the
structural adjustment plans pursued by international financial institutions.
Sources : World Resources Institute (WRI),
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank, United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP).