Occupied by Indonesia since 1975, East Timor was of little interest to the international community. But Indonesia kept a watchful eye on Timor’s proximity to the Kelp oil deposits it shares with Australia. The massive vote in favour of independence in the August 1999 referendum led to a wave of violence, followed by UN intervention to establish an interim administration.
See article by Noam Chomsky, “East Timor, horror and amnesia”, October 1999.
Sources : Gabriel Defert,Timor-Est, le génocide oublié : droits d’un peuple et raison d’Etats, L’Harmattan, maps by Frédéric Durand, Paris 1992 ; Indonesian Ministry of Transmigration/ODRNI, 1988 ; Suara Pembaruan, 1989 (Indonesian daily) ; Stephen A. Wurm and Shiro Hattori, Language Atlas, Pacific Area, Australian Academy of the Humanities and Japan Academy, Canberra, 1981. These maps were produced with the help of Frédéric Durand, lecturer in geography at the University of Toulouse-II.