The month of June 2012 was generally dry in most parts of Somalia with the exception of Northwest (Awdal, W. Galbeed, Togdheer, Sool and Sanaag), Bari region in northeast and the coastal areas of Shabelle and Juba regions which received light to moderate rains. Above average rains were recorded in Odweyne, Wajaale, Elafweyn, Qardo and Iskushuban with 33 mm, 31 mm, 27 mm, 32 mm and 22 mm of rains respectively (Table 1). In the Southern parts below average rains of 9 mm and 20mm were recorded in Jowhar and Jamamme stations respectively.
Additional field reports indicate occurrence of light to moderate rainfall with poor spatial distribution in Bay, Bakool and Sool plateau in Bari region. Similar trends of significant reduction in rainfall is shown by satellite derived rainfall estimates (RFE) as presented on Maps 2, 3, 4 and 5. Accordingly, many parts of the country remained dry in the 1st and 2nd dekads of June, while in the 3rd dekad the Northwest, small pockets of Northeast and the coastal areas of Shabelle show minor rainfall activity.
The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) shows general normal vegetation conditions in the Northern and Central regions of the country. In the South some areas show continued deterioration of vegetation. Small decrease in vegetation conditions remain evident in small to large areas in Shabelle, Bay, Bakool, Gedo and the Jubas (Map 10). Large decrease in vegetation vigor is evident in Lower Shabelle (Riverine, L & M Agro-pastoral, and South - East pastoral livelihood zones) and Juba (Lower Juba agropastoral and riverrine, parts of Southern Inland and South - East pastoral livelihood zones).
Field reports also indicate a general normal to slightly below normal pasture and water conditions in many parts of the country.
Deterioration of water and drying up water catchments in Lower Shabelle and Bay has been reported. Livestock body conditions are generally good with normal livestock migration reported across the country. Crop moisture stress has been reported in rainfed maize crops planted in early May (late planting) in lower Shabelle and in Middle Juba. In the Eastern side of Jilib district rainfed areas, standing crops have already started to wilt. Advancement to maturity of these crops will dependent upon the performance of Hagga rains. Isolated incidences of stalk borer infestation in maize have been reported in the riverine areas of Middle Juba.