occupied Palestinian territory: Area C of The West Bank: Key Humanitarian Concerns, January 2013

from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 23 Jan 2013 View Original


  • Over 60 percent of the West Bank is considered Area C, where Israel retains near exclusive control, including over law enforcement, planning and construction.

  • 150,000 (approx.) Palestinians live in Area C in 542 communities, 281 of which are located entirely or mostly (50% or more of their built up area) in Area C.

  • Some 325,000 Israeli settlers live in some 135 settlements and about 100 outposts in Area C, in contravention of international law; the settlements’ municipal area (the area available for their expansion) is nine times larger than their current built-up area (B’Tselem).

  • 70% of Area C is included within the boundaries of the regional councils of Israeli settlements (as distinct from the municipal boundaries) and therefore off-limits for Palestinian use and development.

  • Palestinian construction in 29% of Area C is heavily restricted; less than 1% of Area C has been planned for Palestinian development.

  • 5,000 Palestinians reside in 38 communities located in parts of Area C that have been designated as “firing zones” for military training, increasing their vulnerabilities and risk of displacement.

  • In 2012, 540 Palestinian-owned structures in Area C, including 165 residential structures, were demolished due to lack of Israeli-issued permits, displacing 815 people, over half of them children.

  • Over 70% of communities located entirely or mostly in Area C are not connected to the water network and rely on tankered water at vastly increased cost; water consumption in some of these communities is as low as 20 litres per capita per day, one-fifth of the WHO’s recommendation.

  • 24% of the Palestinian population in Area C are food insecure compared to 17% in the remainder of the West Bank.

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