The humanitarian impact of Israeli-declared firing zones in the West Bank

Originally published
View original



  • Approximately 18% of the West Bank has been designated as a closed military zone for training, or “firing zone”; this is roughly the same amount of the West Bank under full Palestinian authority (Area A, 17.7%).

  • Approximately 5,000 Palestinians reside in the firing zones, (in 38 communities), mostly Bedouin or herding communities, many of which existed prior to the closing of the area.

  • Over 80% of the communities are located in the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea area or south Hebron hills.

  • Over 90% of the communities are water scarce, accessing less than 60 litres per capita per day (l/c/d), compared to the 100 l/c/d recommended by the World Health Organization; over half access less than 30 l/c/d.

  • Food insecurity in Area C reaches 24% and rises to 34% among herders, many of whom live in firing zones.

  • Two schools and one kindergarten located in firing zones currently have demolition orders against them.

  • Some 45% of demolitions of Palestinian-owned structures in Area C since 2010 have occurred in firing zones, displacing over 820 Palestinian civilians.

  • There are 10 Israeli settlement outposts located either partially or completely in firing zones.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.