Nigeria: Floods; Preliminary Emergency Appeal n° MDRNG014


This preliminary Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 899,094 in cash, kind or services to support the Nigeria Red Cross Society to assist 10,000 beneficiaries for 6 months, and will be completed by 25 March 2013. A final report will be made available by 25 June 2012, 3 months after the end of the operation,

CHF 200,000 was allocated from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support this operation. Unearmarked funds to replenish the DREF are encouraged.

Summary: the rainy season in Nigeria has delivered more precipitation than earlier years, causing flooding in 18 of 38 states. The excessive water run-off was initially contained through contingency measures, but the heavy rain in the last couple of weeks has led to the overflow of water reservoirs, forced release of dam water and breaching of river boundaries and banks, resulting in damage to roads, bridges and other infrastructure, loss of property and livestock and displacement of people. To date, the floods have affected 134,371 people, displaced 64,473 people, injured 202 and killed 148 people. The displaced population is residing with host families or in makeshift camps.

The rainy season is not yet over, and the forced release of additional dams and reservoirs is expected to increase the extent and impact of these floods. Some bridges have been cut off by flooding from the Benue River and the release of water from the Kiri Dam in Adamawa State and from Lagdo Dam in Cameroon.

The Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS) released emergency stocks, mobilized volunteers and mobilized resources through private community and humanitarian partners in response to the floods in 14 branches. The NRCS in cooperation with other humanitarian agencies and state and national authorities is sensitizing communities on the flood plains of the major rivers on the risks and possible mitigation of this crisis.

This preliminary Emergency Appeal seeks to support the NRCS in providing immediate support to 10,000 beneficiaries in 5 districts in the areas of emergency shelter and basic non-food items, health and water, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities simultaneously with detailed needs assessments to support a full Emergency Appeal which will be published within 3-4 weeks.

The IFRC deployed a Field Assessment and Coordination team (FACT) to support the NRCS in assessments of the current needs and possible evolution of the crisis, and to develop a plan of action. A possible deployment of a shelter RDRT member to support the FACT team and coach the volunteers to support the beneficiaries with the construction of emergency and temporary sheltering.