Southern Africa Weekly Update (7 - 13 March 2017)
As the region continues to face the peak of the hunger season, a number of countries have been affected by floods as a result of either the heavy rains or tropical cyclones that have been reported in the country. While flash flooding is common in the region, the result of the ongoing heavy rains and tropical cyclone (Dineo and Enawo) has significantly affected communities and infrastructure. Five countries continue to remain alert for flooding – Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Africa will all declare a disaster.
A national disaster was declared on 2 March 2017. Zimbabwe appealed for assistance. Assessments are still ongoing in the affected districts of Chiredzi, Kanyemba, Lupane, Mwenezi, Mberengwa, Insiza and Tsholotsho. Almost 250 people have been killed and about 2,000 people have been left homeless, with around 900 people displaced to a camp in Tsholostho in Matebeleland North.
As at 12 March, 295,950 people are reported to have been affected, including 84,660 who are displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. The National Office for Disaster Risk and Management (BNGRC) and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) have activated the Multi-Hazard National Contingency Plan 2016/2017.
About 4,200 refugees fleeing conflict in Mozambique have been registered in bordering Zimbabwe (744) and Malawi (3,455), as of end January 2017. About 551,000 Mozambicans are affected by the impacts of Tropical Storm DINEO which hit the south of the country in mid-February. On 2 March, the Humanitarian Country Team launched a $10.2 million Flash Appeal as well as a $2 million CERF request to support the Government-led response. A total of 659 cholera cases and 1 death (CFR 0.1%) have been reported between from January to 6 March 2017.
Floods have affected Omusati region. A total of 64 schools have been closed affecting 19,309 students. The region's disaster risk management committee met on 9 March to study reports from various institutions (hospitals, schools) regarding the situation. Another of flooding wave is predicted in the coming days.
Botswana has secured a US$145.5 million loan from the World Bank for the Emergency Water Security and Efficiency Project to address the aftermaths of the El-Nino. Approximately 60,000 people will benefit from rehabilitation of existing water supply systems. An additional 177,000 people are expected to benefit from improved wastewater treatment and sludge management systems.