Mauritania: Suspected Rift Valley Fever (Situation as of 07 October 2012)

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A total of 8 cases and 4 deaths were reported from eight districts

Event description

On 5 October 2012 - The Ministry of Health declared outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) on 4 October 2012. The date of onset of the index case was 16 September 2012. As of 7 October 2012, a cumulative of 8 cases (4 suspected and 4 confirmed) has been reported to the Ministry of Health. There are 4 deaths. Of the 4 cases, 2 are still admitted in Centre Hospitalier d’Aioun and 2 have recovered.

The cases were confirmed by ELISA in the National Reference Laboratory at the National Institute of Public Health Research (INRS) in Nouakchott and the Institut Pasteur in Dakar. In addition, 97 blood samples have been collected from camels, goats and cattle for serological examination and one has tested positive.

Actions taken

In response to the outbreak the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Rural Development are jointly coordinating the investigation. A task force consisting of animal and human health experts/departments has been re-activated to coordinate all the activities. WHO and other partners are members of the task force. The task force held their third meeting on 3 October, 2012.

A multisector investigation team has been deployed to conduct a detailed outbreak investigation among humans and animals in the affected areas reporting suspected cases. Suspected cases are being managed in the hospitals. Animal slaughter houses are being supervised by the veterinary team. Guidelines on RVF surveillance and management have been disseminated to all the affected areas to enhance case detection and management.