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UNOSAT - Preliminary Exposure/Impact Analysis Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica, Dominican Republic Update 1 Tropical Cyclone Matthew-16 (5 October 2016)

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As of the 5th of October 2016, cyclone Matthew is travelling northwest towards the Bahamas, decreasing in intensity, with predicted sustained wind speeds of greater than 200km/h.

Tropical cyclone Matthew formed near the Windward Islands on Wednesday, the 28th of September 2016. It continued westwards over the Caribbean Sea, and on Monday, the 3rd of October 2016 at 21:00 UTC had sustained winds of 222km/h.

Tropical cyclone Matthew then continued northeast intensifying and on Tuesday, the 4th of October 2016 at 11:00 UTC, made landfall near Les Anglais, Haiti with sustained wind speeds of 230km/h which affected approximately 630,000 people. The winds and torrential rain created a humanitarian crisis. Matthew then continued northwest and travelled towards the eastern part of Cuba, near Guantanamo city, with sustained wind speeds of 222km/h at 18:00 UTC. In Cuba over a million people were affected. Matthew caused severe flooding and killed 4 people in Dominican Republic and at least 2 people in Haiti (Reuters). The UN Secretary General’s Deputy Special Representative for Haiti, Mourad Wahba, said “much of the population” in Haiti was displaced by Matthew and at least 10,000 were in shelters. Farmland and businesses in Haiti were also devastated by the storm (Heifer International).

This report provides a preliminary population exposure analysis of tropical cyclone Matthew according to the observed cyclone track, sustained wind speed zones, (NHC, Advisory 29, 5 October 2016 10:00 UTC) and estimated precipitation accumulation (GPM data, 4 Oct 2016 15:00 UTC to 5 Oct 2016 03:00 UTC) over Haiti, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Jamaica. A complete excel table of the population exposure analysis is accessible here and the accumulated precipitation analysis here.