Great Lakes: Displacement Crises Affecting the Region (11 September 2017)


Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): 202,700

Refugees: 421,7000

In April 2015, President Pierre Nkurunziza’s announcement that he would run for a third term led to a coup attempt and an outbreak of violence in Burundi. More than 624,000 Burundians are displaced either within Burundi due to violence or natural disaster or as refugees and asylum seekers in neighboring countries.

Central African Republic

Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): 600,000

Refugees: 481,600

The recent escalation of violence in CAR has increased displacement with one in every five Central Africans internally displaced or as refugees in a neighboring country. Attacks against aid workers limit humanitarian operations and access to people in need. Attacks by armed groups against sites housing IDPs have also been reported.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): 3,800,000

Refugees: 484,700

Insecurity in Eastern DRC and the outbreak of violence in the Kasai region internally displaced almost 3.8 million Congolese. Fighting in the Kasai region between government forces and local militias since August 2016 increased internal displacement by 1.4 million, making the Congolese the largest IDP population on the continent.

South Sudan

Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): 1,940,000

Refugees: 2,007,800

Displacement spiked in July 2016 with the outbreak of fighting between government and opposition forces in the Greater Equatoria region of South Sudan. The South Sudanese are the world’s fastest growing refugee population, with more than 2 million in neighboring countries.

US Department of State - Humanitarian Information Unit: