Rohingya Refugee Crisis
• Up to 500,000 Rohingya refugees from Myanmar are stateless and face discrimination, persecution and exploitation.
• An estimated 10% of them are registered and the remaining are unofficially living in makeshift camps or with local communities.
• Food insecurity and undernutrition are further aggravated by limited access to water, sanitation and basic health services. Natural disasters like flood, landslides further increase their vulnerability. Undernutrution is beyond emergency thresholds since 2010.
• Humanitarian access is regulated by the Bangladeshi authorities.
Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Crisis
• Indigenous tribes facing human rights violations associated with ethnic, linguistic and religious minority status.
• The formal conflict ended with the signing of the 1997 CHT Peace Accord which recognized CHT as an indigenous inhabited region. However, significant clauses of the accord have not yet been implemented.
• Sporadic violence continues to occur and strict government control have an impact on productivity of traditional agriculture and generate food insecurity with serious food crises every season between June and August during monsoon.
• Protection, food insecurity and livelihood are the most acute humanitarian needs.
• The Northwest of Bangladesh is prone to regular flooding and considered as the poorest and most food insecure region of Bangladesh
• 370,000 people are affected by chronic food insecurity. GAM and SAM rates are above emergency thresholds.
• Waterlogging is a persistent phenomenon in southwest Bangladesh which impacts livelihoods. On average, 200,000 people are affected each year. Humanitarian needs include access to water, food and nutrition. Structural solutions through disaster preparedness measures are needed.