Outcome Evaluation of a long-term intervention on Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction (DiDRR) in rural communities of Bangladesh

Closing date

1. Background

CBM is an international Christian development organisation, committed to improving the quality of life of persons with disabilities in the poorest countries of the world. Based on its Christian values and over 100 years of professional expertise, CBM addresses poverty as a cause and a consequence of disability and works in partnership to create an inclusive society.

Centre for Disability in Development (CDD) is a renowned disability resource organizations working in all over Bangladesh since 1996 to include disability issues in all development sectors. To do so, CDD is implementing number of disability inclusive development projects jointly with its local partner organizations and directly in some places with the support from various donor organizations. Disability inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction is one of the major programs of the organization. CDD is also working with different ministries of Bangladesh Govt. to make their initiatives more disability inclusive so that it sustains in the country.

Centre for Disability in Development (CDD) in partnership with CBM has been implementing Community Driven Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Management activities in Gaibandha region (Bangladesh) starting from 2019. Through four consecutive projects this work has been continued and expanded until 2021.

The key focus of the DiDRR work in Gaibandha was to develop and practice sustainable mechanism at community level on DiDRR, operated by the leadership of Organization of Persons with Disabilities (OPD), Self-help Groups of Persons with Disabilities (SHG), Ward Disaster Management Committee (WDMC) and local government administration. In addition, the activities have aimed to build sustainable resilience at community and household level in the addressed wards. The activities also demonstrated how persons with disabilities are empowered to have improved access in various sectors such as health, agriculture, social welfare, livelihood etc. in a sustainable manner.

The planned evaluation shall evaluate the outcomes that CDD and CBM have achieved during past 12 years in the facilitated communities and how future DiDRR interventions could learn from experience. At the same time, it should also be critically reviewed if the projects have missed to address any relevant areas of work or have even had unintended (negative) implications. The evaluation shall help CBM and CDD to improve its approach on DiDRR.

2. Evaluation Objective, Scope and Intended Use

CBM and CDD aim to assess the intended and unintended outcomes of a long-term intervention on disability inclusive DRR (DiDRR) in Gaibandha region from 2009 to 2021. The evaluation shall provide evidence that supports the further development of inclusive and replicable DRR components in disaster prone contexts. The evaluation shall also analyze enablers and barriers for well-functioning DiDRR interventions especially in situation of re-occurring and worsening natural disasters.

Scope of the Evaluation

The evaluation shall focus on the four (4) phases/projects of the DiDRR programme that have been implemented between 2009 and 2021.

Intended Use of the Evaluation

  • The evaluation shall increase the evidence and documentation on good practices in DiDRR
  • The evaluation shall also provide recommendations for adjustments or adaptations of the DiDRR approach so that CBM and CDD will be enabled to improve their work in this sector.
  • The evaluation shall help to position CBM and CDD as expert organizations on inclusive DRR in national and international fora

3. Evaluation Questions


  • How relevant was the combined effort from Organizations of Persons with Disabilities (OPDs), Self-Help Groups (SHGs), Ward Disaster Management Committees (WDMC) and local government administration to practice DiDRR?
  • In how far have the related activities addressed the real needs of communities and of persons with disabilities in the specific context?


  • How have OPDs, SHGs, local disaster management structures (such as WDMCs) and local government administration worked for practicing Disability inclusive Disaster Risk Management (DiDRM) in the community?
  • What changes OPDs, SHGs, local disaster management structures (such as WDMCs) and local government administration made considering DiDRM?
  • How effective is the participation of persons with disabilities in Disaster Management Coordination?
  • What change is reported at household level (in terms of preparedness, household income, diversified sources in income etc.)?


  • What has been the overall impact of the DiDRR interventions and its specific components (e.g. on capacity building, livelihoods, coordination with local government in Gaibandha as well as national government?
  • Can the target population be considered better prepared for practicing sustainable DiDRR in the community?
  • How and to what extend have persons with disabilities has empowered through the DiDRR interventions


  • Does the local government, WDMCs (and other local DRM structures) and OPDs have built an ownership for maintaining/continuing disability inclusive DRR activities?
  • Have the targeted communities created an ownership for practicing DiDRR?
  • Is there a clear institutional commitment from the (local) government for DiDRR (e.g. through policies, budget commitments etc.)?
  • Is the project approach replicable in other parts of the country and other countries?

Specifically for Self-Help Groups and OPDs:

  • What evidence demonstrated that the OPDs and SHGs will (be able to) continue their activities after the project?
  • Have chairpersons or other functions of SHGs and OPDs been elected regularly for the groups?
  • Has there been any dropouts in the groups? If so, what have been the reasons for members leaving the group?
  • What has been the average ratio of women and men with disabilities in the groups (incl. caretakers of children with disabilities)?
  • Are persons with different types of impairments well represented/included in SHGs, WDMC, OPDs etc.?

Coping Mechanisms:

  • Which (external) shocks (like floods, COVID19, stroms etc.) have been experienced by the communities/households in the recent years?
  • Which impact had these shocks on the communities/households?
  • Which coping mechanisms were developed by communities/households?
  • To which extent have the projects contributed to improved coping mechanisms?


  • Have there been any unintended negative outcomes?
  • What types of conflicts within the communities/households have been minimised or aggravated due to the projects?

Documentation, Monitoring & Evaluation:

  • What tools have been used by the to monitor the long-term progress for SHGs, OPDs and WDMC?
  • Which gaps still exist related to data collection?
  • Are there best practices for M&E tools on DiDRR?
  • Which guidance and technical documents were developed under these projects are utilized? Do those reflect local realities and relevance to the context?

4. Methodology

The evaluation team will develop the detailed methodology and tools in collaboration with CBM and CDD. A mixed methods approach is expected that includes a desk review of reports, project-specific evaluation reports, case studies, training reports, etc. as well as remote/digital interaction (through KII and FGDs) with main stakeholders incl. CBM and CDD staff, community leaders, governmental representatives, persons with disabilities and Organisations of Persons with Disabilities (OPDs).

The evaluation team is expected to submit an evaluation plan/inception report which will provide details of the methodology shortly after commencement of the evaluation.

5. Limitations

It is expected that the ongoing COVID19 situation might limit movement to and/or within the targeted communities in Gaibandha region.

6. Management of the evaluation and logistics

CBM Humanitarian Team and DIDRR advisory under CBID have the responsibility for:

  • Overall oversight of the evaluation process
  • Acting as a focal person for the evaluator(s)
  • Establishing contacts between evaluators and CBM Country Office and CDD
  • Contractual management and payments
  • Provide technical support to finalize evaluation tools, inception report and final report of the evaluation

CBM Country Office Bangladesh have the responsibility for:

  • Providing selected project documentation
  • Availability for qualitative interviews as agreed within the methodology
  • Provide technical support to finalize evaluation tools, inception report and final report of the evaluation

CDD has responsibility for:

  • Providing relevant project documentation
  • Availability of staff for qualitative interviews as agreed within the methodology
  • Establishing contacts between evaluators and sub-partners, local authorities, beneficiaries etc.
  • Support logistics and travel of the consultants for conducting KIIs and FGDs in Gaibandha region
  • Provide technical support to finalize evaluation tools, inception report and final report of the evaluation

Evaluation Team is responsible for:

  • Delivery of expected results
  • Ensuring adherence to CBM Code of Conduct and Child and Adults At Risk Policy
  • Ensuring adherence to highest standard of data security during the evaluation and afterwards
  • Ensuring research ethics, in particular confidentiality of personal data and receiving consent before interviewing

7. Expected Results

  1. An inception report including the detailed plan for the conduct of the evaluation, incl. the methodology, related tools, stakeholder and interviewee list, and responsibilities of team members.
  2. A final report (around 20 pages) containing analytical elements related to the issues specified in this ToR. The report shall contain a short executive summary that can be used as stand-alone document for further distribution, and a main text, both inclusive of clear and concise recommendations. Annexes should include a description of methods and the survey tools used, the list of interviewees, the actual execution schedule, a summary of survey results (if applicable), a bibliography, and any other relevant materials.
  3. A one-/two-pager that summarizes the key outcomes and findings (to be used for external communication).
  4. An online presentation of the findings for a broader audience of CDD and CBM.

All documents are to be provided in English.

8. Requirements of evaluation team

  • Academic degree
  • At least 7 years of working experience in DRR
  • Evaluation experience
  • Experience in DRR and disability inclusion
  • Fluent reading and writing in English
  • Analytical working method, report writing, and other soft skills.

How to apply

Expressions of Interest shall be submitted by Monday 31st of January 2022 to and shall include:

  1. Brief description of consultancy firm/consultant/team

  2. Detailed CVs of each suggested team member

  3. Understanding of this ToR and suggested methodology

  4. Availability of team and suggested schedule

  5. Financial and technical proposal

Only complete applications will be considered. The contractor may ask for references and/or examples of previous work and reports during the recruitment process. The contractor reserves the right to terminate the contract in case the suggested and agreed upon team members are unavailable at the start of the evaluation and no adequate replacement can be provided.

Each team member, incl. interpreters, enumerators etc. need to fully comply with and sign CBM’s Code of Conduct and Child and Adults At Risk Policy as well as commitment to data security and privacy.