Between 2014-17, the Global Coalition fought a war against the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)/Daesh, which at its height of control, occupied half the territory of Iraq. Six million Iraqis were suddenly displaced while the government and international partners responded to one of the world’s most severe humanitarian crises. At the same time, hundreds of thousands of Syrians fled the war in that country across the border to Iraq. Many displaced Iraqis sought refuge outside the country.
Even before large-scale military operations in Iraq ended in November 2017, the improved security and service environment allowed almost 4 million Iraqis to return to their areas of origin. Despite the scale of return, the rate of internally displaced persons (IDPs) returning steadily decreased in 2018. More than 1.7 million IDPs remain displaced, of which over half have been displaced for more than three years. It is those long-term IDPs that now make up most of the still displaced population. A significant majority of IDPs (71%) reside outside of camps, mostly within the Kurdistan Region and Ninewa, while the majority of IDPs come from Ninewa. IDPs are relatively evenly split between being displaced within their governorates of origin (49%) and in other governorates (51%).
As of 30 September 2018, Iraq hosted 250,184 Syrian refugees and 44,149 non-Syrian refugees. The vast majority (97%) of Syrian refugees reside in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, mostly in the Erbil and Dohuk Governorates. Around 38% of Syrian refugees live in nine camps, while the rest live in out-of-camp settings. Almost 60% of the Syrian refugees come from Al-hasakeh, the rest from Aleppo and Damascus. Children represent 43% of the Syrian refugee population in Iraq.
Only about one-third of Syrian refugees live in camps managed by the KRG with NGO and UNHCR support. The majority live in urban areas with limited support from the UN and international donors, implying a de facto integration as they become self-sufficient. However, due to the economic crisis, an increasing number of vulnerable refugees are requesting entry into the camps due to the fact that most services in the camps are free.
Despite the security threats and legal barriers, local integration or inclusion is still the preferred solution for Syrian refugees. UNHCR’s June 2018 Return Intentions Survey indicates that only 6-8% of Syrian refugees intend to return to Syria in the next twelve months. This requires longer-term solutions for refugees in Iraq, since other durable solutions such as resettlement, are available only to a very limited number of refugees (resettlement quota in 2018 is less than 1,000 individuals).
Many IDPs and refugees are hosted and reside in the same urban areas. KRI hosts some 790,000 IDPs who fled Ninewa, Saleh Al Din, Kirkuk, and Diyala Governorates. Should the IDPs and refugees decide to remain in KRI due to various reasons that could hamper their return, the hosting communities will require significant support to enhance the communities’ capacity to provide services, infrastructure, and absorb this additional population. A favourable environment should be created to enable durable solutions across affected populations.
Gauging IDPs’ future plans related to resolving their displacement is difficult to do with any accuracy, but reasons for continued displacement invariably include destroyed, occupied or disputed housing, absence of livelihoods and services, social cohesion (community tensions and fears of population change), security (blocked return or perceived insecurity), and factors related to mental health and trauma. It is becoming clear that a significant majority of IDPs may not return to their area of origin and data collection may be underestimating the number of those who wish to integrate locally or relocate in the long-term.
As stated above, the forced displacement crisis has increased in scale and complexity in recent years. The impact of forced displacement is substantial, both among those in displacement and hosting communities. Action is urgently needed to mitigate the plight of both forcibly displaced persons and hosting communities. There is a window of opportunity for improving the management of the forced displacement crises.
Partnership for Improving Prospects
In response to the above-mentioned context of displacement and with the financial support and under the coordination of the Government of the Netherlands (GoN), five international organizations - World Bank, International Finance Corporation, UNICEF, UNHCR, and ILO - are developing a joint approach for forcibly displaced persons and host communities (the “Partnership for Prospects”). PROSPECTS focuses on three broad areas that are critical for displaced people to overcome their specific vulnerabilities and (vulnerable) host communities to pursue their own development agenda in a transformed environment: (1) jobs and social protection, (2) education and learning, and (3) protection and legal status.
PROSPECTS is a global 5-year partnership initiated by the GoN, taking place in eight countries with the same five partners simultaneously with a budget of EUR 500 million for 2018-2023. Around EUR 40 million is reserved for the five partners in Iraq, although this may change based on contextual changes and opportunities. The proposed Partnership aims to join the partners’ efforts to develop a new paradigm in responding to forced displacement crises through the involvement of development actors. The Partnership encourages the participating institutions to create and test innovative approaches to forced displacement leveraging their respective comparative advantages. Synergies are expected to strengthen strategic coordination, to ensure coherence in identifying priority activities and to seek opportunities for complementarity across individual programs.
With support from the UN's Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, the Partners in Iraq submitted their Country Vision, a note outlining their joint strategy, in March 2019 and their Call for Funds, their (joint) activities for 2019-2020, in June 2019, both of which have been approved by The Hague and whose implementation will commence shortly. A key upcoming milestone for the Partnership in Iraq is the development of the Multiannual Country Program (MACP) for Iraq (which will most likely include a joint M&E framework, joint advocacy strategy and joint multi-annual programming) that is due in March 2020. In order to effectively prepare for the MACP process, the GoN wishes to further strengthen synergies between the partners in Iraq through the support of a Partnership Facilitator whose key role will be to facilitate the development of the MACP for Iraq, building on relevant Partners inputs.
Given the involvement of numerous stakeholders and the complex nature of the partnership, the role of the facilitator requires further clarification. The position of the facilitator is financed by the GoN through UNHCR. Hence, the contract will be with UNHCR, as representative of the five partners jointly. The individual contractor will, however, be placed in the office of the HCRC, for two main reasons: to allow for a certain amount of objectivity towards each of the five partners and in order for the individual contractor to be closely aligned with broader coordination processes in Iraq.
The individual contractor is hired to serve the five partners in improving their synergy and collaboration and to support them in preparing certain documents. Hence, the individual contractor will regularly report on his/her work to all five partners jointly through e-mails and documents, during coordination meetings and (where relevant) during technical working group meetings. NL MFA will be cc’ed and informed of all such reporting. The individual contractor will also inform and consult closely with the HCRC to ensure that (the programming of) the PROSPECTS partnership is aligned with broader coordination processes, including the Cooperation Framework. In case of disagreement among the partners (and HCRC) and for ultimate accountability, the individual contractor reports to GoN. GoN will support the individual contractor in taking an objective stance and facilitating good collaboration among the partners. If the individual contractor has any questions or concerns about her/his role, the GoN is the first point of contact.
Purpose and Scope of Assignment
The Partnership Facilitator key role is to faciliate the development of MACP for Iraq and any other documents required to achieve the goals of the Partnership through facilitating collaboration and synergies. As such, s/he will take initiative to communicate with all involved stakeholders, gather inputs, and meet deadlines.
The individual contractor will facilitate the development of the MACP for Iraq, building on relevant partners' guidance, with specific attention to result-based management (RBM). The deliverables will be submitted according to the timeline agreed upon in the MACP and country-level governance guidelines.
Facilitate a strong sense of jointness among the five Partners in Iraq to ensure that all Partnership documents and programming for Iraq is based on careful coordination, synergizing and sequencing.
Convene regular meetings and thematic discussions with the five Partners in Iraq on a needs basis on issues of key relevance.
In collaboration with Partners, prepare a draft MACP by 15 December 2019, including among others a theory of change (to be developed with the partners), country M&E framework, country governance structure, operational chapter, 4-year indicative budget and advocacy strategy.
Report bi-monthly following Partnership coordination meetings to the five partners on deliverables.
Support productive and positive dialogue and working relationships with and among the partners and other stakeholders.
Support partner/stakeholder consultations on issues that may affect the design, planning or implementation of the MACP.
With the input of all five partners, draft the MACP for Iraq to a high professional standard according to the requirements provided by the GoN.
Consolidate data and budget information provided by the partners, correcting errors and improving the presentation of MACP.
Support the Partnership with updates and respond to feedback from the GoN.
Support the Partners in meeting tasks and deadlines outlined by the GoN.
In consultation with the partners, facilitate synergies between various components of the MACP for Iraq.
Review relevant research and monitor trends in Iraq that may affect planning and the outcomes of the MACP and discuss findings with the partners and the RC/HC.In consultation with the partners and the Embassy of the Netherlands, develop and review the RBM approach and the country-specific M&E framework in line with the Global Partnership M&E framework and in line with the Partnership governance documents.
Facilitate timely deliverables to the NL MFA, including consolidation of partners’ reports.When relevant to the Partnership, participate in meetings of the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), UN Country Team (UNCT), and their relevant sub- and working groups to better understand developments and opportunities for strengthening the Partnership's impact in Iraq. Carry out any other needed tasks that may arise during the contract period.
Monitoring and Progress Controls:
The following deliverables and timeline are based on the contractor beginning work in Iraq by 01 November 2019. These are subject to change based on agreements between the partners and the GoN. Milestones are indicative and will be clarified upon approval of timelines and plans prepared in 2019.
Initial consultations with partners by 15 November 2019 on the MACP process.
Support the partners in finalising the partnership governance structure (based on guidelines from the GoN) for submission to The Hague.
In consultation with the partners, draft an internal workplan for the MACP process by 30 November 2019;
Finalize the first draft of the MACP by December 15.
Planning and Organizing. Teamwork & Collaboration.
ESSENTIAL MINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE REQUIRED
Advanced university degree (Master's degree or equivalent) in development studies, international relations, social science, social policy, economics, public policy, education, or related field. A first-level university degree in any of these fields, in combination with two additional years of qualifying work experience may be accepted in lieu of the advanced university degree.
At least five (5) years of progressively responsible experience in managing complex multi-stakeholder and multi-year programs related to international humanitarian affairs, development, or education with demonstrated experience working with refugees, displaced populations, or impoverished communities is required.
Experience in coordinating /facilitating development of multiple agency joint programmes.
Direct work experience in an international organization is required.
Proven success in project planning and implementation, including experience drafting budgets and reports with multi-stakeholder consultations, is required.
Experience in monitoring and evaluation, including organizing site visits to remote field settings, is desirable.
Ability to integrate different experiences, methodologies, and approaches from respective partners and synthesize information. Experience in working in the MENA region, especially Iraq, with good understanding of the current humanitarian situation and dynamics in the Middle East, and Iraq in particular, is desirable.
DESIRABLE QUALIFICATIONS & COMPETENCIES
Judgement and Decision Making.
Interested applicants should apply through the provided link
https://www.unhcr.org/iraq-jobs, attaching the new personal history form with**
a covering letter in English explaining their interest in the position.
Kindly note that only electronic applications submitted through the website will be considered.
Please note that long-listed candidates may be requested to sit for a written test.Only short-listed applicants will be contacted, and engagement is needed immediately.**