The economic growth has led to high urbanization rates with growing slums and secondly contributes to an immersive growth of waste production per day. Especially the areas of implementation, Quezon City in Luzon, Cagayan de Oro City and Davao City in Mindanao in the Philippines, Jakarta District in Indonesia and Ja-Ela & Wattala (Western Province) and Jaffna District in Sri Lanka are prone to these challenges.
Recycling, regardless of existing efforts, laws and governmental budgets for waste collection is not systematically managed. Even though ideas - that support waste collection on the one hand and offer income opportunities for the poorest on the other hand - have been created and are individually implemented by NGOs and partly by the private sector, the impact remains less effective. A country-wide and sectoral-overlapping threat for the insufficient waste management and a gap of unified fair working conditions for waste collectors is mainly caused by lacking collaboration among relevant stakeholders. This can, one the one hand, be witnessed at governmental level, where laws and policies exist, but strongly de-centralize the responsibility of waste management down to sub-urban and local authority level. Those authorities feel less capacitated to accurately plan and implement.
More so, even if collection plans are available, there is no efficient system to make use of multilateral stakeholders for joint waste collection & recycling and to upscale opportunities as coordination and exchange among the areas of authorities are missing. Secondly the fast-growing sector of waste banks in i.e. Indonesia and the Philippines remains more or less at level of isolated activities without the waste banks being actually encouraged to integrate their activities into a nation-wide system. The work of waste collectors is underestimated, even by the collectors themselves. This is, inter alia, due to the fact that the job is yet to be curricula- recognized and hence does not offer general conditions, policies, rights and security measures (it is mostly practiced as tertiary informal opportunity).
Though the population admittedly feels burdened by waste where mainly people in slum areas are surrounded by, they significantly show gaps on awareness of self-responsibility to 3R (reuse, reduce, recycle). Both, an improved attitude towards waste collector’s significance as well towards careful waste management at household and institutional community level, should be supported by the government authorities, coordinating stakeholders through meaningful, efficient systems. NGOs, whose scope of work lays on waste management and who join steering committees would need to raise own capacities to communicate and advocate change impact on a broader level. The NGOs, specialized on livelihood, need efficient means to associate the waste collectors among each other, for them been given a voice and becoming owner of their interests, represented at all stages of involved parties. Furthermore, the WM sector together with the government still fail to find (financially) sustainable solutions, which would guarantee the self-sustainable existence of waste banks and developed insurance measures that are not dependent on external funding but could be covered by funds generate through waste collection & recycling.
Given these challenges, the project aims to test methods, implement innovative approaches, and forward policy recommendations on proper waste management to make significant changes in 3 countries - Sri Lanka, Philippines and Indonesia.
Specific objectives of the project are as follows:
- Outcome 1: Urban community members of at- poverty- risk, sustainably improved their income out of waste management livelihood opportunities
- Outcome 2: Improved environmental management performance due to established systems, implemented policy monitoring and raised eco-environmental awareness
- Outcome 3: Relevant government stakeholders show improved ownership of dialogue processes on the development of a joint management (sector overarching) plan on the nation-wide adoption of (a) improved labor policies of waste collectors as well as for (b) the nationwide expansion of waste management systems and coordination and receive and support 4 recommendations
The purpose of the baseline study are:
- set benchmarks against which programme impact can be monitored and evaluated
- validate and strengthen programme targeting and approaches
- strengthen their understanding of existing needs/ opportunities.
The following are the objectives of the baseline:
- Determine status of the indicators prior to implementation to serve as basis for targeting
- Probe on the contextual factors and assumptions that could affect implementation
- Validate measurability of selected project indicators
- Determine the areas that need to be prioritized based on the baseline findings
- Determine feasibility of savings and insurance models for target groups
- Provide recommendations on the priorities, interventions and targets.
- Analysis of level of community understandings on health issues regarding improper solid waste management
- Provide suggestions for effective awareness raising campaigns
- Analysis of community willingness to participate in i.e. composting, recycling, segregating the waste, pay for waste pick up, etc.
Start and end dates:
- Support finalization of logical frameworks (indicators, M&E plan, targeting guidelines, sampling for baseline) - October 27-31, 2019
- Completion of Desk Review (document review and secondary data analysis) and Preparation for primary data collection - 2nd half of October 2019
- Draft Baseline Design Document and methodology/tools, circulate it and integrate feedback - 1st half of November 2019
- Preparation for data collection and actual data collection in the Philippines, Indonesia - 2nd half of November 2019
- Primary data analysis and debriefing to project team group - 1st week of December 2019
- Draft the baseline report, circulate it and integrate feedback - 2nd week of December 2019
As a result of the baseline study process, several deliverables will be provided by the Consultant. The deliverables must match WV and BMZ quality standards. The text of the report should be illustrated, as appropriate, with maps, graphs and tables.
A consultant shall be hired by the Project to spearhead the baseline process from planning, data collection to report writing. Certain skills are required to manage baselines. This include the following:
- Critical thinking and analysis, organisation and synthesis of information
- Qualitative and quantitative analysis and interpretation of programme baseline data
- Creative problem solving and decision making
- Communication, including synthesis and organisation of information, presentation and technical writing
- Leadership and group facilitation
- Organisation and project management skills, -
- Hypothesis generation/testing
- Using data processing software, including simple computation of descriptive statistics and cross tabulations systems
- Knowledge of waste management in similar regional contexts
Please email your CV to email@example.com