More than 15,000 women and girls suffered sexual violence, including rape, during Colombia's civil war, with half of all crimes involving children. According to Colombia's National Centre for Historical Memory, most cases have gone unpunished.
A report encourages INGOs to localise humanitarian response in a coherent, collective manner, rather than leaving it to individual, ad hoc, approaches that are at the mercy of project or programme funding.
Two months since the start of the offensive to retake Ar-Raqqa city from ISIL, ground fighting and airstrikes in and around the city have led to mass displacement and a deterioration of the humanitarian situation.
Many ideas are emerging about how growing African cities can cut their risks. Among them: organise slum dwellers to improve the infrastructure or simply sort out which risks are the key ones, experts say.