The uncertainties with regard to the Syria war delayed long-term planning by both authorities and Syrians in Turkey. Ankara now needs to assume the permanence of the refugees in order to craft an integration strategy.
The next six to nine months pose major tests that, unless dealt with effectively, threaten to derail the agreement, narrow its impact on guerrilla combatants or fail to prevent the chronic reproduction of violence in the outback.
Iraqi youth who came of age during the post-2003 turmoil share a sense of hopelessness and disempowerment. This generation must be prioritised, lest Iraq’s most important resource become a major security threat.
With an increase in killings, inflammator public statements by high level officials and provocative attacks on the security forces by armed opposition, the international community is being put to the test.
In the three most affected countries – Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea – the Ebola epidemic has exposed citizens’ lack of trust in their governments and the grave potential for deep unrest in these already fragile societies.
Despite some recent success in winding down decades-long negotiations with rebel groups, achieving peace with the country’s biggest insurgency, in Mindanao, requires both new energy and fresh thinking.