Many ideas are emerging about how growing African cities can cut their risks. Among them: organise slum dwellers to improve the infrastructure or simply sort out which risks are the key ones, experts say.
After Typhoon Haiyan, the Philippines shook up its methods for keeping the public risk-informed, and ensuring early dissemination of warnings and efficient evacuations to promote a “zero casualty” approach.
By 2014, all 80 provinces and over 91% of cities/municipalities established DRM offices. To accelerate reforms, capacity building activities for local government agencies benefited from GFDRR funding and technical expertise.
Severe drought, flooding, heavy rains and temperature rises are all known effects of El Niño that can lead to food insecurity and malnutrition, disease outbreaks, acute water shortages, and disruption of health services.