Severe drought, flooding, heavy rains and temperature rises are all known effects of El Niño that can lead to food insecurity and malnutrition, disease outbreaks, acute water shortages, and disruption of health services.
The strongest El Niño weather episode in the last several decades has caused repeated crop failure, decimated livestock herds and driven some 10.2 million people across Ethiopia into food insecurity, FAO said today.
The renewed displacement of IDPs is of particular concern as they have no support structures in the area - although reports confirm that the armed forces from both states have started to withdraw from the frontline.
As fresh rain pounds south India, stories are emerging of sudden evacuations and improvised rescues. Heavy rain associated with Cyclone Rovan in November has killed more than 260 and affected 3 million people.
El Niño is expected to prompt heavy rains and cause flooding, as well as drought conditions in coastal areas of Somaliland, which could severely compound the already fragile humanitarian situation in Somalia.