A research study reviews the drivers of migration from Syria and the neighboring countries. Routes and conditions of the journey are also evaluated with special attention given to the risks confronted by children.
IOM continues to advocate for the presence of counter-trafficking specialists at key transit points, reception centres and registration sites as well as for awareness-raising among vulnerable populations.
A Syrian refugee woman waits with her children for an opportunity to cross the border from Greece in to the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
@ UNHCR/A. Zavallis
"Europe has successfully dealt with large-scale refugee movements in the past..., and can deal with this one, provided it acts in a spirit of solidarity and responsibility sharing," said High Commissioner Grandi.
Due to increased restrictions on transit via the official Balkan route, smuggling continues to pose protection risks to increasing numbers of migrants seeking alternative ways to reach the destination countries.
Europe is on the cusp of a largely self-induced humanitarian crisis in light of a rapid build-up of people in an already struggling Greece, with governments not working together despite having agreements in a number of areas.
By putting concerns of borders, security and deterrence ahead of the needs of those caught up in this crisis, politicians have failed to protect people, instead increasing suffering and costing lives, says MSF.