En América Latina y el Caribe, la sequía fue el tipo de desastre más costoso entre 2005 y 2015, causando pérdidas en los cultivos y el ganado de US 13 000 millones de dólares, según un nuevo informe de la FAO.
Severe drought, flooding, heavy rains and temperature rises are all known effects of El Niño that can lead to food insecurity and malnutrition, disease outbreaks, acute water shortages, and disruption of health services.
This figure exceeds the number of people affected in 2014. Drought is the disaster that affected the most people, followed by excessive rains, floods and epidemics like dengue, chikungunya and cholera.
Some of Asia’s most important economies have the highest risk from the threat of natural hazards, due to the exposure of their cities and trading hubs to events such as flooding, earthquakes and tropical cyclones, according to the Natural Hazards Risk Atlas released by risk analysis company...