Indonesia: Mt Agung Volcano - Sep 2017Alert
The increasing unrest in the Agung Volcano in Bali, Indonesia, since 10 August 2017 has led the authorities to raise the alert at the highest level. Evacuations have taken place in an area of up to 12 km around the volcano. According to the ARISTOTLE emergency report, the increasing unrest does not necessarily mean that an eruption will take place, nor it can give precise indications on when/if this would happen. However, historical data shows that the eruptions of this volcano were of a big magnitude (latest in 1963-1964). (ECHO, 24 Sep 2017)
As of 24 September, nearly 35,000 people have been evacuated from their homes near active Mt Agung Volcano in Bali and dispersed across 238 locations in seven districts in Bali. The number is expected to increase as well as fluctuate as there are still people who have not yet left their villages or who commute between homes and evacuation sites during the day for daily chores. On 24 September, the national disaster management agency (BNPB) sent 14 tons of assistance to the island and is providing over IDR 1 billion (US$ 75,000) to Karangasem District to operationalize the Command Post there and is preparing ready-to-use budget for emergency response activities. (OCHA, 25 Sep 2017)
On 22 September 2017 at 20.30, Indonesian Authorities (PVMBG) increased the status of Mount Agung in Bali from Level Three (High Alert: Orange/Ready to erupt) to Level Four (Red alert/Danger), the highest level for a volcano and the third consecutive rise in a week. The volcano of 3,031-metres is located in the district of Karangasem, in the province of Bali, roughly 72 kilometres to the north-east of the popular tourist destination of Kuta. As of 20:00 on 25 September, the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) evacuated more than 63,000 people from their homes, however the number keeps steadily rising. The evacuees are dispersed across 9 districts in more than 300 locations, with the majority of evacuees in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 21,000 are in Karangasem, the 523 square kilometres district surrounding the volcano. The evacuees are staying in temporary shelters, sports centres, village halls as well as with relatives and host families (IFRC, 27 Sep 2017.)
The high volcanic activity has put some districts in a state of emergency with any potential eruption in the future. The authority reported that there were 484 temporary shelters distributed in 9 districts with a total of 134,229 displaced people (ACT Alliance, 29 Sep 2017.)
As of 7 October 2017, there were more than 141,000 displaced people who were distributed in 331 displacement shelters across 9 districts in Bali. The number of displacement shelters decreased due to government’s order for those living in the safe zone to return home, and since displaced people sheltered in Banjar (sub-village halls) were transferred to permanent buildings. Low pressure white plume, likely dominated by water vapour, is observed emitting continuously from the main crater and reached the altitude 1.500 metres. (Yakkum Emergency Unit, 8 Oct 2017)
As of 13 October, there were around 138,000 evacuees dispersed across 9 districts in more than 350 locations. The majority are in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 50,000 are in Karangasem, the 523 square kilometres district surrounding the volcano. The evacuees are staying in temporary shelters, sports centres, village halls as well as with relatives and host families. (IFRC, 13 Oct 2017)
On 29 October, the Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) lowered the alert level of Mt. Agung, an active volcano on Bali island, from Level IV (Dangerous) to Level III (Alert). Evacuees who lived outside the no activity zone are beginning to return home but advised by authorities to remain cautious. The emergency response period for handling evacuees remain in effect until 9 November. Over 140,000 people evacuated following the increase in the alert level issued on 29 September. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Mount Agung erupted and spewed black smoke at 5:05 p.m. on Tuesday 21 November, with the height of the smoke reaching more than 700 meters from the peak of the mountain. The volcano's status is set at the third highest alert level, the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) has previously said. At least five villages were affected by the ash, including Pidpid, Nawakerti, Bukit Galah, Sebudi and Abang Village. The villages are located within the danger zone of the volcano, kompas.com reported. (Jakarta Post, 21 Nov 2017)
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Summary of revisions made to emergency plan of action:
This operation update outlines the revised operation plan and provides an overview of the situation that has evolved since the alert was downgraded from Level Four to Level Three.
Changes to the emergency plan of action:
• The target number of people assisted increased from 7,750 to 11,000 people. The budget for this operation is increased from CHF 169,320 to CHF 210,417. The operation is expected to complete by 26 January 2018.
The Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazards (PVMBG) flew a drone over Mount Agung's crater in Bali on Thursday to analyze ash clouds and volcanic activity after the volcano erupted on Tuesday.
A large Ai 450 drone was flown and controlled from a field near the volcano in Karangasem Regency. PVMBG drone team member Umar Rusadi said the drone is larger than the Ai 300 used on previous missions.
The drone is equipped with a sensor capable of detecting chemical substances, such as sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, to allow the team to examine the activity.
Mount Agung in Karangasem regency (Bali) started his phreatic-type eruption on 21 November at 9:05 UTC and spewed black smoke up to 700 m from the peak.
The Geological Agency of Indonesia (VSI) has recommended, as of 22 November, that people must avoid any activity in the danger zone of the crater area of Agung within a radius of 5-6 km from the summit crater.
The Jakarta Post
Denpasar, Bali | Wed, November 22, 2017 | 12:49 pm
Volcanic ash has fallen onto a number of villages surrounding Mount Agung in Bali following an eruption at the island's tallest volcano on Tuesday afternoon, less than a month after the alert level was lowered.
At least five villages were affected by the ash, including Pidpid, Nawakerti, Bukit Galah, Sebudi and Abang Village. The villages are located within the danger zone of the volcano, kompas.com reported.
Affected areas Kirkuk and Salah Din governorates
Cause of displacement Conflict
Figures More than 133,000 new displacements between 21 September and 17 October
Status from volcanic activity is still at level IV (Caution) which has been established by the Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) since September 22 last. The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) still carry out activities to help the affected communities. Various attempts were made PMI Bali as well as other agencies to facilitate the needs of displaced populations in various displaced persons camps scattered throughout the districts / municipalities in Bali.
ULAKAN CAMP, Indonesia – Escalating volcanic activity at Mount Agung in Bali prompted Indonesian authorities to issue an SOS alert, the highest-level warning, on 22 September. By 6 October, over 139,000 people had been evacuated.
UNFPA is providing critical hygiene supplies, as well as kits containing supplies for pregnant women, post-partum women and newborns.
For Balinese, Mount Agung is more than a just mountain. In rituals, it symbolises Mother Nature protecting the Island of Bali and its people. Most of the time, mother nature is quiet. However, in 1963, the volcano erupted and caused the deaths of more than 1,000 people. After 54 years, hundreds of small earthquakes and increasing volcanic activity at Mount Agung led Indonesian authorities to issue a SOS alert on 22 September, the highest level of alert. The Indonesian government quickly responded to the unpredictable condition of Mt Agung by evacuating locals living around the region.
Since September 22nd, Mt. Agung on Indonesia’s Bali island has shown increased volcanic activity, prompting the government to order the evacuation of around 75,000 people living nearby. Today, ACT Indonesia Forum members YEU (YAKKUM), ICCO-Cooperation and Lutheran World Relief are on the ground in Bali assessing the situation to identify possible gaps in the assistance said to be planned by government agencies and local churches in anticipation of further displacement.
A. Situation analysis
Situation Report #2
Warning Status of Mt. Agung in Bali
As of 7 October 2017 at 06:00 pm local time, there were 141.322 displaced people who were distributed in 331 displacement shelters across 9 districts in Bali (source: BNPB).
The number of displacement shelters decreased due to government’s order for those living in the safe zone to return home, and since displaced people sheltered in Banjar (sub-village halls) were transferred to permanent buildings.
Updated 10 October 2017, 7:30 AEDT
By Indonesia correspondent Adam Harvey
A week after urging tens of thousands of volcano evacuees to go home, Bali's Governor admits the camps are actually full of genuine refugees.
A week after urging tens of thousands of volcano evacuees to go home, Bali's Governor says he got his numbers wrong ... and the camps are actually full of genuine refugees.
Mount Agung’s rumbling may or may not portend a massive eruption on the scale of a century. Fortunately the probability this time is for great disruption to air traffic, tourism, and the local economy, rather than massive death and homelessness.
Elly Burhaini Faizal
To give people early warning of the eruption of Mount Agung in Karangasem, Bali, the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) has installed sirens at six points around the danger zones of the volcano.
The sirens called “iRaditif (iCast Rapid Deployment Notification System)” are mobile sirens that can be moved using a vehicle.
The sirens are installed at the stations of Selat Police, Rendang Police, Tianyar Police, Kubu Police, and Abang and Karangasem military district commands (Koramil).
Authorities on the Indonesian island of Bali on Saturday asked thousands of people who had evacuated this week because of the threat of a volcanic eruption from Mount Agung to return home.
A statement by the Indonesian National Agency for Disaster Management said 70,000 evacuated residents of the 27 villages within the designated "danger zone" around the long-dormant volcano should stay put, but as many as 73,000 people from 51 villages outside that zone could safely go home.
Mercy Corps is monitoring the Agung volcano in Bali, Indonesia, which has experienced a recent increase in seismic activity that indicates a possible eruption. According to news reports, around 145,000 people have already evacuated.
Mercy Corps has a dedicated emergency response team based in Indonesia that is coordinating with Indonesian national and local disaster management agencies, as well as other organizations, in the event the volcano erupts and Mercy Corps can support response efforts.
By Indonesia correspondent Adam Harvey
In a back room of the village chief's office in the small community of Abang, close to Mount Agung, two young children lie on the floor, cradled and stroked by their mother and aunt.
The children are both severely disabled. They are among hundreds of disabled children among the 145,000 evacuated from around Bali's Mt Agung.