Indonesia: Mt Agung Volcano - Sep 2017Alert
The increasing unrest in the Agung Volcano in Bali, Indonesia, since 10 August 2017 has led the authorities to raise the alert at the highest level. Evacuations have taken place in an area of up to 12 km around the volcano. According to the ARISTOTLE emergency report, the increasing unrest does not necessarily mean that an eruption will take place, nor it can give precise indications on when/if this would happen. However, historical data shows that the eruptions of this volcano were of a big magnitude (latest in 1963-1964). (ECHO, 24 Sep 2017)
As of 24 September, nearly 35,000 people have been evacuated from their homes near active Mt Agung Volcano in Bali and dispersed across 238 locations in seven districts in Bali. The number is expected to increase as well as fluctuate as there are still people who have not yet left their villages or who commute between homes and evacuation sites during the day for daily chores. On 24 September, the national disaster management agency (BNPB) sent 14 tons of assistance to the island and is providing over IDR 1 billion (US$ 75,000) to Karangasem District to operationalize the Command Post there and is preparing ready-to-use budget for emergency response activities. (OCHA, 25 Sep 2017)
On 22 September 2017 at 20.30, Indonesian Authorities (PVMBG) increased the status of Mount Agung in Bali from Level Three (High Alert: Orange/Ready to erupt) to Level Four (Red alert/Danger), the highest level for a volcano and the third consecutive rise in a week. The volcano of 3,031-metres is located in the district of Karangasem, in the province of Bali, roughly 72 kilometres to the north-east of the popular tourist destination of Kuta. As of 20:00 on 25 September, the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) evacuated more than 63,000 people from their homes, however the number keeps steadily rising. The evacuees are dispersed across 9 districts in more than 300 locations, with the majority of evacuees in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 21,000 are in Karangasem, the 523 square kilometres district surrounding the volcano. The evacuees are staying in temporary shelters, sports centres, village halls as well as with relatives and host families (IFRC, 27 Sep 2017.)
The high volcanic activity has put some districts in a state of emergency with any potential eruption in the future. The authority reported that there were 484 temporary shelters distributed in 9 districts with a total of 134,229 displaced people (ACT Alliance, 29 Sep 2017.)
As of 7 October 2017, there were more than 141,000 displaced people who were distributed in 331 displacement shelters across 9 districts in Bali. The number of displacement shelters decreased due to government’s order for those living in the safe zone to return home, and since displaced people sheltered in Banjar (sub-village halls) were transferred to permanent buildings. Low pressure white plume, likely dominated by water vapour, is observed emitting continuously from the main crater and reached the altitude 1.500 metres. (Yakkum Emergency Unit, 8 Oct 2017)
As of 13 October, there were around 138,000 evacuees dispersed across 9 districts in more than 350 locations. The majority are in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 50,000 are in Karangasem, the 523 square kilometres district surrounding the volcano. The evacuees are staying in temporary shelters, sports centres, village halls as well as with relatives and host families. (IFRC, 13 Oct 2017)
On 29 October, the Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) lowered the alert level of Mt. Agung, an active volcano on Bali island, from Level IV (Dangerous) to Level III (Alert). Evacuees who lived outside the no activity zone are beginning to return home but advised by authorities to remain cautious. The emergency response period for handling evacuees remain in effect until 9 November. Over 140,000 people evacuated following the increase in the alert level issued on 29 September. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Affected areas Kirkuk and Salah Din governorates
Cause of displacement Conflict
Figures More than 133,000 new displacements between 21 September and 17 October
Status from volcanic activity is still at level IV (Caution) which has been established by the Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) since September 22 last. The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) still carry out activities to help the affected communities. Various attempts were made PMI Bali as well as other agencies to facilitate the needs of displaced populations in various displaced persons camps scattered throughout the districts / municipalities in Bali.
ULAKAN CAMP, Indonesia – Escalating volcanic activity at Mount Agung in Bali prompted Indonesian authorities to issue an SOS alert, the highest-level warning, on 22 September. By 6 October, over 139,000 people had been evacuated.
UNFPA is providing critical hygiene supplies, as well as kits containing supplies for pregnant women, post-partum women and newborns.
For Balinese, Mount Agung is more than a just mountain. In rituals, it symbolises Mother Nature protecting the Island of Bali and its people. Most of the time, mother nature is quiet. However, in 1963, the volcano erupted and caused the deaths of more than 1,000 people. After 54 years, hundreds of small earthquakes and increasing volcanic activity at Mount Agung led Indonesian authorities to issue a SOS alert on 22 September, the highest level of alert. The Indonesian government quickly responded to the unpredictable condition of Mt Agung by evacuating locals living around the region.
Since September 22nd, Mt. Agung on Indonesia’s Bali island has shown increased volcanic activity, prompting the government to order the evacuation of around 75,000 people living nearby. Today, ACT Indonesia Forum members YEU (YAKKUM), ICCO-Cooperation and Lutheran World Relief are on the ground in Bali assessing the situation to identify possible gaps in the assistance said to be planned by government agencies and local churches in anticipation of further displacement.
A. Situation analysis
Situation Report #2
Warning Status of Mt. Agung in Bali
As of 7 October 2017 at 06:00 pm local time, there were 141.322 displaced people who were distributed in 331 displacement shelters across 9 districts in Bali (source: BNPB).
The number of displacement shelters decreased due to government’s order for those living in the safe zone to return home, and since displaced people sheltered in Banjar (sub-village halls) were transferred to permanent buildings.
Updated 10 October 2017, 7:30 AEDT
By Indonesia correspondent Adam Harvey
A week after urging tens of thousands of volcano evacuees to go home, Bali's Governor admits the camps are actually full of genuine refugees.
A week after urging tens of thousands of volcano evacuees to go home, Bali's Governor says he got his numbers wrong ... and the camps are actually full of genuine refugees.
Mount Agung’s rumbling may or may not portend a massive eruption on the scale of a century. Fortunately the probability this time is for great disruption to air traffic, tourism, and the local economy, rather than massive death and homelessness.
Elly Burhaini Faizal
To give people early warning of the eruption of Mount Agung in Karangasem, Bali, the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) has installed sirens at six points around the danger zones of the volcano.
The sirens called “iRaditif (iCast Rapid Deployment Notification System)” are mobile sirens that can be moved using a vehicle.
The sirens are installed at the stations of Selat Police, Rendang Police, Tianyar Police, Kubu Police, and Abang and Karangasem military district commands (Koramil).
Authorities on the Indonesian island of Bali on Saturday asked thousands of people who had evacuated this week because of the threat of a volcanic eruption from Mount Agung to return home.
A statement by the Indonesian National Agency for Disaster Management said 70,000 evacuated residents of the 27 villages within the designated "danger zone" around the long-dormant volcano should stay put, but as many as 73,000 people from 51 villages outside that zone could safely go home.
Mercy Corps is monitoring the Agung volcano in Bali, Indonesia, which has experienced a recent increase in seismic activity that indicates a possible eruption. According to news reports, around 145,000 people have already evacuated.
Mercy Corps has a dedicated emergency response team based in Indonesia that is coordinating with Indonesian national and local disaster management agencies, as well as other organizations, in the event the volcano erupts and Mercy Corps can support response efforts.
By Indonesia correspondent Adam Harvey
In a back room of the village chief's office in the small community of Abang, close to Mount Agung, two young children lie on the floor, cradled and stroked by their mother and aunt.
The children are both severely disabled. They are among hundreds of disabled children among the 145,000 evacuated from around Bali's Mt Agung.
Thousands in Bali flee ahead of what officials are calling a dramatic increase in seismic activity, signaling an “imminent” eruption.
“I would definitely be following the advice to stay outside the exclusion zone,” Heather Handley, an assistant Earth sciences professor at Sydney’s Macquarie University told The Associated Press.
Mount Agung, located on the eastern side of the island of Bali, last erupted in 1963, spewing an ash cloud up to 12 miles (19.3 km) high, and killing 1,100 people. Anyone within a 7.5-mile (12.1 km) radius is urged to evacuate immediately.
In the evening of Friday the 22 September 2017, the district of Karangasem where Mt. Agung in Bali Island situated, was declared on its highest alert (red alert), followed by the instruction to exclusion zone of 9 to 12 kilometres from the summit. National and provincial authorities reported the significant increase of volcanic activity and by 23 September 2017 the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) deployed initial team to assess and set up the command post.
While there are plentiful stocks of food, water, medicines, and other supplies, evacuees fear they are in for a long wait that could disrupt their livelihoods
By Nyimas Laula
KARANGASEM, Indonesia, Sept 28 (Reuters) - Nearly 135,000 people on the Indonesian island of Bali have left their homes and taken shelter in makeshift evacuation centres after warnings the Mount Agung volcano could erupt at any time, officials said late on Thursday.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
Jakarta | Fri, September 29, 2017 | 09:10 am
The National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) has said cultural approaches are often more effective than structural ones in handling those fleeing natural disasters.
“The handling of disasters in Indonesia is unique. This country is a disaster laboratory with special characteristics,” BNPB spokesperson Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said in a press statement on Thursday.
He admitted it was often quite difficult for the authorities to evacuate residents from their homes.
The Jakarta Post
Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara | Thu, September 28, 2017 | 06:00 pm
Hundreds of people from dozens of families in Karangasem, Bali, have chosen to evacuate to Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), after the alert for Mount Agung was increased to the highest level last week following an increase in its volcanic activity.
Thousands of residents have been evacuated as two volcanoes, one in Indonesia and one in Vanuatu, threaten to explode.
About 11,000 people living on the island of Ambae, part of the South Pacific nation of Vanuatu, have been ordered to evacuate by boat due to threat of explosion. Smoke billowed up from the volcano on Thursday, and officials said that the volcano had become increasingly active over the past week.
Mount Agung (district of Karangasem, Bali province) is on red alert/danger level of volcanic activity since 22 September.
As of 28 September, the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) reported that over 96 000 people have been evacuated in 430 shelters. They also advised people not to approach the volcano within 12 km from the crater.
Over the next 24 hours, no heavy rain is forecast to affect Bali island.