Indonesia: Mt Agung Volcano - Sep 2017
The increasing unrest in the Agung Volcano in Bali, Indonesia, since 10 August 2017 has led the authorities to raise the alert at the highest level. Evacuations have taken place in an area of up to 12 km around the volcano. (ECHO, 24 Sep 2017)
As of 24 September, nearly 35,000 people have been evacuated from their homes near active Mt Agung Volcano in Bali and dispersed across 238 locations in seven districts in Bali...On 24 September, the national disaster management agency (BNPB) sent 14 tons of assistance to the island and is providing over IDR 1 billion (US$ 75,000) to Karangasem District to operationalize the Command Post there and is preparing ready-to-use budget for emergency response activities. (OCHA, 25 Sep 2017)
On 22 September 2017 at 20.30, Indonesian Authorities (PVMBG) increased the status of Mount Agung in Bali from Level Three (High Alert: Orange/Ready to erupt) to Level Four (Red alert/Danger), the highest level for a volcano and the third consecutive rise in a week...As of 20:00 on 25 September, [BNPB] evacuated more than 63,000 people from their homes, however the number keeps steadily rising. The evacuees are dispersed across 9 districts in more than 300 locations, with the majority of evacuees in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 21,000 are in Karangasem, the 523 square kilometres district surrounding the volcano. (IFRC, 27 Sep 2017.)
As of 13 October, there were around 138,000 evacuees dispersed across 9 districts in more than 350 locations. The majority are in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 50,000 are in Karangasem. (IFRC, 13 Oct 2017)
On 29 October, [PVMBG] lowered the alert level of Mt. Agung...from Level IV (Dangerous) to Level III (Alert). Evacuees who lived outside the no activity zone are beginning to return home but advised by authorities to remain cautious. The emergency response period for handling evacuees remain in effect until 9 November. Over 140,000 people evacuated following the increase in the alert level issued on 29 September. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Mount Agung...erupted again on [25 November 2017] at 5:30 pm Bali time. Grayish-black medium pressure ash columns were observed to reach a height of 1.500 m above the peak. Eruption was visually observed from the Culik and Batulompeh areas to the West-Southwest. This is the second eruption with a higher ashes column than the previous one. The first eruption occurred on [21 November 2017] at 5:05 pm Bali time. (Gov't of Indonesia, 26 Nov 2017)
The Indonesian authorities have raised the state of Mount Agung in Bali to its highest level (Level IV), since 06:00 ICST. [BNPB]...The main airport in Bali, I Gusti Ngurah Rai International Airport is closed temporarily from Monday morning (27/11) at 07:15 ICST to Tuesday morning (28/11) at 07.:00 ICST. (Gov't of Indonesia, 27 Nov 2017)
On 23 and 24 December, a series of new eruptions from Mt. Agung on Bali island were recorded, with no major impact. An estimated 71,000 affected people remain in 239 evacuation sites. The central government maintained a high level of attention on the Mt. Agung emergency response. (OCHA, 26 Dec 2017)
The Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazan Mitigation lowered the radius of estimated danger zone around Mt Agung to six kilometres from the crater, permitting thousands of people to return to their homes. Meanwhile, the alert status remains at Level IV (Danger), and 70,610 people still staying in 240 evacuation sites. (OCHA, 8 Jan 2018)
On 15 January 2018, Mt. Agung erupted again, sending ash up to 2,500 meters into the air, on the northeast side of the volcano. A six-kilometer danger zone remains in place and as of 14 January almost 50,000 people evacuated from their homes are being hosted in 299 sites. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2018)
Indonesia’s Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation Centre (PVMBG) stated that there is a drastic drop in volcano’s activity in January 2018 compared to December 2017. Dozens of mild magmatic and phreatic eruptions have been recorded. The last recorded eruption was on 23 January 2018. Given the prolonged duration of the emergency and with the instruction of the head of the district, the exclusion zone was reduced to 6 KM and may likely be reduced even further. The number of evacuees has also declined. By 30 January 2018, official records reports show 23,682 evacuees in 185 evacuation sites across 9 districts. (IFRC, 13 Feb 2018)
Maps & Infographics
Residents of six villages in Karangasem, Bali assistance cash transfer program (PTT) from the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI). Those who obtain the help of living in disaster-prone areas around Mount Agung.
"PMI oprasi to respond to a disaster recovery emergency standby eruption of Mount Agung through a variety of social services," explained Kasubdiv Emergency Response and Recovery PMI Sobri Ridwan Carman in his press conference on Sunday (04/08/2018).
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As part of its ongoing efforts to assist displaced populations in Myanmar's Rakhine State, the AHA Centre deployed ASEAN Emergency Response and Assessment Team (ASEAN-ERAT) personnel to Myanmar from the 15th - 31st of January 2018.
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AMA C ENTRE DIARY 12
THE OTHER SIDE 14
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Description of the disaster
ADRA Indonesia and HelpAge International conducted an assessment from 17 – 20 December in Bali, Indonesia, to identify the current impact of the Mt. Agung eruption on surrounding communities, and project what the impact would likely be if an eruption similar to 1963 occurred.
VDAP Crisis Teams Respond to Indonesia’s Agung Volcano
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East Asia and Pacific
Affected areas: Aceh, Bali, Central Java, East Java, Lombok and North Sumatra
Cause of displacement: Disaster
Figures: More than 102,000 new displacements between 25 November and 13 December
The Australian Government will provide humanitarian support for communities affected by volcanic activity in Bali, Indonesia.
Indonesian authorities have established an exclusion zone around Mt Agung, and have evacuated at least 70,000 local residents.
The Government is contributing $600,000 to help meet the needs of 17,000 people who have been displaced from their homes, including the provision of clean drinking water, shelter, sanitation services and medical care. This assistance will also support farmers and workers who have lost their livelihoods.
Jakarta, 13 December 2017 – Following a series of eruptions of Mount Agung volcano in Indonesia’s island of Bali since late September, the European Commission is making available 100 000 EUR (approx. IDR 1.6 billion) to deliver emergency relief assistance to the most affected families. The aid will directly benefit 11 000 people in some of the worst-hit districts of Bangli, Bulenleng, Gianyar, and Karangasem.
Volcanoes become geo-engineering laboratories
Repeat of 1963 Bali eruption could cool planet
By Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent
OSLO, Nov 30 (Reuters) - Climate scientists are tracking an erupting volcano on the Indonesian holiday island of Bali for clues about a possible short-cut to curb global warming by injecting sun-dimming chemicals high above the Earth.
(Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation)
Activity Level: AWAS (Level IV)
Visual Observation :
The summit can be seen clearly, sometimes it was covered by fog. A 1000-2000 thin mid pressure colomn of steam can be observed from the northern, north-eastern, southern, and south-western slopes. Rays of fire can be seen from CCTV (Batulompeh). Effusive eruption slowly occured and was followed by a short duration of earthquake blow.
Earthquake eruption : once.
Friday, 8 December 2017 Activity Level: AWAS (Level IV)
Visual Observation :
The summit can be seen clearly due to fog. A 500-1,500 thin greyish and mid pressure colomn of steam can be observed from the northern, north-eastern, southern, and south-western slopes. Rays of fire can be seen from Batulompeh CCTV. Effusive eruption slowly occured.
Activity Level: AWAS (Level IV)
Visual Observation :
The summit often seen foggy. A thin white and low pressure colomn of steam can be observed from the northern, north-eastern, southern, and south-western slopes 1000-1500m. Rays of fire can not be seen from all CCTVs (Rendang, Bukitasah and Batulompeh). Effusive eruption slowly occured.
Earthquake eruption: nil.
Non harmonic tremor: cloud of thin white ashes occurred in 6 hours (with 1-2 mm amplitude, dominant 1 mm).
The eruption of Mount Agung (Bali) is ongoing with significant release of magmatic gases and increased strength of tremors. The Indonesian Centre for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM/PVMBG) states that the likelyhood of larger scale eruptions is increasing.
Ngurah Rai International Airport (Bali) is operating on 29 November, as well as Lombok Praya International Airport.
Local media reports that the evacuation of over 100 000 people from 22 villages is on going.
More than 150,000 people are being evacuated as Mount Agung in Bali, Indonesia, continues to erupt and spew dangerous ash clouds up to 10,000 feet into the atmosphere. The island’s main airport remains closed. Indonesia’s emergency management agency made a statement Monday indicating that the evacuation is proceeding well and that it could last for up to a month. Mount Agung erupted last in 1963, when it killed more than 1,500 people.
GENEVA, 28 November, 2017 -- The UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, Mr. Robert Glasser, today expressed his concern for the people and Government of Indonesia as the likelihood of a large volcanic eruption on Bali’s Mount Agung continues to become more imminent.
The eruption of Mount Agung, which started on 25 November, is ongoing with a significant release of magmatic gases and increased volcanic earthquake activity. Volcanic ash reached a maximum height of 3 400 m from the peak on 27 November. The Indonesian Centre for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM/PVMBG) states that the volcanic activity of Agung is at a very high level and that the probability of a bigger eruption is increasing. The maximum alert level remains in place.
Tuesday, 28 November 2017 | dilihat 3933 kali Activity Level: AWAS (Level IV)
Visual Observation :
- The status of Mount Agung has been raised to highest Alert Level IV for Mount Agung from 27 November 2017, 06,00 (UTC +8). The Indonesian Disaster Management Authority (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana / BNPB) has issued a 8 km radius Danger Exclusion Zone up to 10 km from the crater.
- Volcano Observatory Notice for Aviation (VONA) for Mt. Agung is currently at Red Level.
- Ngurah Rai International Airport (DPS) & Lombok Praya International Airport (LOP) are closed, correct as at 28 November 2017, 12.00 hours (UTC +7).