Indonesia: Mt. Merapi Volcano - Oct 2010
On 25 October 2010, seismic activity developed into the eruption of Mt.) Merapi. It was followed by an earthquake and tsunami approximately 70 km from the Mentawai Islands. The eruption left 34 people dead, and displaced more than 70,000 people. (IFRC, 3 Nov 2010)
A further eruption on 1 November 2010 resulted in 360,557 displaced and 577 injured people. (IFRC, 30 Sep 2011)
Pyroclastic materials and cold lava flows destroyed thousands of houses and the surrounding area. (World Bank, 29 Dec 2010)
Between the Merapi volcanic eruption and the Mentawai earthquake and tsunami, approximately 103,750 people were in need of support. The IFRC launched an emergency appeal to support the Indonesian Red Cross in their response. (IFRC, 26 Apr 2011) This emergency appeal received a total income of CHF 3,091,118 (with an expenditure of CHF 2,814,292) and was closed on 30 September 2011. (IFRC, 30 Sep 2011)
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The National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) has said cultural approaches are often more effective than structural ones in handling those fleeing natural disasters.
“The handling of disasters in Indonesia is unique. This country is a disaster laboratory with special characteristics,” BNPB spokesperson Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said in a press statement on Thursday.
He admitted it was often quite difficult for the authorities to evacuate residents from their homes.
This publication is an initiative of the Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific. The RCG seeks to not only link the region with the Global Consultative Group on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination, but also to provide a learning platform for good practice. This publication focuses on Asia and the five priority countries in this region that are highly vulnerable to large-scale natural disasters: Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, and the Philippines.
In a village overlooked by Mount Merapi, hundreds of families, displaced by the volcano’s eruptions, are slowly adapting to living in their new homes.
The families were relocated from their old villages in disaster-prone areas, which could no longer be inhabited after they were buried by volcanic materials.
“My home is quake-proof and we’ve been able to decorate it because we saved some money,” Markuat, a housewife, told World Bank president Jim Yong-kim and his entourage during a visit on Wednesday.
The Jakarta Post, Yogyakarta
Aerial shots from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) show that cold lava flows from Mount Merapi continue to threaten residents living on the slopes of the volcano, as some 70 million cubic meters of volcanic material from Mt. Merapi’s last major eruption in 2010 remain at its summit.
This report describes the current status of the Recovery Framework in Indonesia along with the lessons learned from the country’s most recent experiences in post-disaster recovery. It is one of the thematic case studies commissioned for the purpose of contributing toward the development of an international Disaster Recovery Framework (DRF) Guide as recommended by the World Reconstruction Conference in 2011.
This paper explores how recent extreme events, particularly the 2010 simultaneous hazards, have or have not catalysed changes in perceptions, practices and policies relating to private sector engagement in humanitarian action and their collaboration with government, humanitarian and military actors. It also aims to identify shared issues and innovative examples within the context of disastersin Indonesia, and suggestions to the wide range of actors involved in humanitarian activities towards multi-actor collaboration.
Bambang Muryanto, The Jakarta Post, Yogyakarta | Archipelago | Wed, May 01 2013, 10:28 AM
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has given more than 240 cows, goats and sheep to those in Sleman, Yogyakarta, and Magelang, Central Java, affected by the eruption of Mount Merapi in 2010.
“The livestock [donation] is aimed at supporting and securing the livelihood of the people who live in the area,” Indonesia FAO representative Mustafa Imir said after visiting community livestock pens in Cangkringan district in Sleman on Monday.
YOGYAKARTA, 8 March 2013 (IRIN) - When Indonesia's Mount Merapi, north of central Java's capital Yogyakarta, started spewing thicker and more colourful clouds of smoke in October 2010, local residents wavered over the risk it signalled. The delay proved fatal.
JAKARTA, 4 March 2013 (IRIN) - Scientists in Indonesia are experimenting with cloud seeding, or firing salt-based chemicals into clouds to force out rain, to try and prevent flooding in the capital Jakarta, home to increasingly destructive rains.
On 27 January, aircraft began dropping salt onto rain clouds to induce rain over the Java Sea before the clouds could reach the mega-capital of more than 10 million people. The operation, which cost US$1.3 million, ended on 28 February.
Policies in Focus Going into 2013 Jakarta, December 18, 2012 – The economic outlook for Indonesia in 2013 remains positive despite a weak global economy, but maintaining strong investment growth is vital, says a new report by the World Bank released today.
MUSHROOMS ADDRESS ISSUES OF FOOD SECURITY
The food security situation has much improved thanks to good harvests this year, but pockets of food insecurity are predicted among poor households who lost livestock last year in northern Badakhshan and the Wakhan Corridor. GHNI is now expanding its mushroom project, working with widows to yield income by providing more mushroom spores as a small business opportunity.
Mali to Burkina Faso
GHNI SEEKS TO HELP REFUGEES IN POOR VILLAGES
Slamet Susanto and Bambang Muryanto, The Jakarta Post, Yogyakarta | Archipelago | Wed, October 24 2012, 10:34 AM
Due to the huge amount of volcanic debris spewed in 2010 by Mt. Merapi in Yogyakarta, which reached about 77 million cubic meters, residents living on the slopes of the mountain have again been warned about the danger of lahar floods, a hot or cold mixture of water and rock fragments that can flow down the slopes of a volcano and into rivers.
Slamet Susanto, The Jakarta Post, Yogyakarta | Archipelago | Tue, October 23 2012, 10:31 AM
World Bank Indonesia, in cooperation with the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) and local administrations in Yogyakarta and Central Java, will use green designs in developing a new residential complex for Merapi survivors.
Senior disaster management adviser of Word Bank Indonesia Iwan Gunawan said Monday that the eco-friendly programs would range from waste management through sanitation to forestation in the new areas.
Facts & Figures
€84.5 million in response to natural disasters since 1994
€22 million to assist victims of conflicts since 1994
€8.27 million for disaster preparedness since 1994
Through ECHO funding, nearly 150 million people are helped each year in more than 90 countries outside the EU through approximately 200 partners (International non-governmental organisations, the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement, and UN agencies).
Foreign Minister Bob Carr has seen at first hand Australian supported aid programs in Yogyakarta in his first official ministerial visit to Indonesia.
Senator Carr visited an HIV testing and prevention facility at Gedong Tengen Clinic, one of 95 community health clinics across Indonesia support by AusAID. At the clinic, Senator Carr met with several methadone clients and health care workers.
DAKAR, 9 juillet 2012 (IRIN) - L’Évaluation conjointe de l’aide d’urgence au Rwanda (Joint Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda - JEEAR), une évaluation de la réponse humanitaire des gouvernements et des organisations d’aide humanitaire au génocide de 1994 réalisée en 1996, a souligné, entre autres problèmes, la mauvaise coordination, la faible redevabilité (« accountability » en anglais) envers les survivants du génocide et la distribution d’aide aux auteurs des violences.
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