Indonesia: Tsunami - Dec 2018Ongoing
High tide/tsunami hit Carita Beach in Banten Province, and hit the coast around the Sunda Strait, especially in Pandenglang, South Lampung and Serang districts on 22 December 2018 at 21:27hrs. With height of 30-90 cm, the event has produced 168 fatalities, 745 injured, 30 missing, 558 houses damaged, 9 hotel units damaged, 60 damaged food stalls, 350 boats damaged. (IFRC, 23 Dec 2018)
As of 24 December 2018, at 07:00 local time, the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) has confirmed that 281 people have been killed, 1,016 people are injured, and 57 people remain missing. An estimated 11,700 people are reportedly displaced. The tsunami has also damaged 611 houses, 69 hotel and villas, 60 shops, and 420 vessels. These figures are expected to increase as the government’s assessment continues. BNPB, together with the military, police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (BASARNAS), local government, Ministry of Social Affairs Volunteers (TAGANA), Indonesian Red Cross (PMI), volunteers and the community are providing immediate assistance to those affected. The Government of Indonesia has not requested international assistance in responding to the situation. (OCHA 24 Dec 2018)
According to the latest report from BNPB, 430 people have died, 148 people remain missing and a further 1,485 people have sustained injuries, while more than 16,000 people have still been displaced. The BNPB, Indonesian Army, various local government bodies and the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) are leading the response operations. Evacuation, search and rescue of victims continue. Joint forces with volunteers and the community began to clean the environment from the tsunami debris. The volcanic activity is still ongoing, namely in the form of Strombolian eruptions accompanied by throws of incandescent lava and hot clouds. For this reason the authorities have upgraded the volcano status to Alert level (Level 3, second highest level), with the danger zone extended to 5 km. Dominant winds lead to the south-west so that volcanic ash spreads south-west to the sea. Heavy rain made search and rescue operations more difficult. More than 1,650 people of Banten province, who had been hit by the tsunami, have been affected by the floods caused by Cikalumpang River overflowing its banks on 26 December. (ECHO, 27 Dec 2018)
As of 28 December 2018, the number of people displaced by Sunda Strait tsunami has increased to 40,386. The total number of fatalities now stands at 426, with the number of injured increasing to 7,202 people. Approximately 1,300 houses have been damaged in the affected areas. The Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) issued a high tide warning, with potential high tides of 2.5-4 metres in the southern parts of the Sunda Strait. The warning was in effect until 31 December 2018, with no reports of any impact from the high tide. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2018)
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This map illustrates an overview of potential tsunamis inundated areas according to wave high categories of 2,5m; 5m; 7,5m and 10m covering reported affected districts by OCHA as of 25 December 2018 in Banten Province, Island of Java, Indonesia.
Heavy rains are complicating efforts to provide aid to communities on Indonesia's remote western islands cut by last week's massive tsunami that killed 429 people.
The rains have made roads impassible, holding up convoys delivering heavy machinery and relief supplies to isolated areas, forcing disaster officials to send helicopters to drop supplies and evacuate residents.
A tsunami hit along the coast of the Sunda Strait on 22 December 2018 at 21:27 hours (local time), affecting five districts in Banten and Lampung provinces with Pandeglang District as the most affected. The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) confirmed that the tsunami was caused by eruptions from Anak Krakatau volcano triggering an underwater landslide.
According to the latest reports from BNPB, the death toll increased to 430. Also BNPB reported that 1 495 people were injured and 159 people were still missing. The number of evacuees reached 21 991 people, while physical damage include 924 housing, 73 lodging / hotels / villas , 434 boats, 24 cars, 41 motorbikes, and public facilities such as ports / docks.
The rescue teams are searching for tsunami survivors but the rescue operations are hampered by torrential rains and local flooding.
Authorities warn that dangerous waves could hit the Sunda Strait area again as Anak Krakatu continues to spew ash
The Indonesia authorities have warned that the tsunami-ravaged coast of western Java could be hit by further dangerous waves as volcanic activity continued in the area.
Indonesia’s meteorology, climatology, and geophysical agency said that a new tsunami could arrive soon in the area around the Anak Krakatau volcano in the Sunda Strait. A 2km exclusion zone has been set up around the volcano.
I. Key Information
Tsunami hit the coast in Sunda Strait (Pandeglang, Lampung Selatan, Serang)
Wave height in the coastal area reached 3 meters.
Based on data per 25 December 2018, the death toll reached 429, 1.485 injured, 154 missing and 16.082 displaced 4. Physical losses as many as houses, 73 hotels and villas, 60 shops and stalls, dozens of vehicles, a quayside and a shelter.
The disaster affected five regency, including Pandeglang, Serang, South Lampung, Tanggamus and Pesawaran.
According to BNPB, as of 25 December 2018 13:00 local time, number of death toll due to Tsunami in Banten and Lampung Province has increased to 373 people. One hundred and fifty four (154) people remain missing, 1,485 injured and 16,082 people displaced. Impact on infrastructure too reported increase to 882 houses damaged. Seventy three (73) hotels and 60 shops are also reported heavily damaged.
Jakarta / Geneva, 26 December 2018—The Indonesian Red Cross (Palang Merah Indonesia or PMI) continues to rush emergency aid to tsunami-ravaged villages along western Indonesia's Sunda strait – as the country marks the grim 14-year anniversary of the 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean quake and tsunami – one of the deadliest and most destructive disasters ever recorded.
1 Executive Summary
On 22 Dec 2018 13:56 UTC a Tsunami was generated from the area of the Anak Krakatau Volcano, with waves propagating in all directions inside the Sunda Strait, the sea portion between the Java and Sumatra islands. The cause of this event seems to have a correlation with the ongoing Volcanic eruption, particularly active since June 2018, even if no stronger eruption occurred at the time of the Tsunami event.
The search for survivors continues after a tsunami hit Indonesia’s Sunda Strait coast on Saturday night, killing at least 429 and injuring 1,485.
Heavy rains are complicating the job of rescue and aid workers, who fear the death toll may rise as they reach more remote areas. Officials admitted some communities were caught “off guard” due to nature of the disaster.
Read more on IRIN
In the aftermath of the tsunami that struck the Sunda Strait on 22 December, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports as of 13:00 (UTC+7), 429 fatalities, with 1 485 persons injured and 154 missing. 16 082 people are displaced.
The reported figures are expected to yet increase, as the Indonesian Search and Rescue Teams (SAR) continue their efforts in all affected areas. Some areas that were previously difficult to reach due to damaged road infrastructure and debris are now accessible to the SAR teams.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) and the Agency for Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics (BMKG) reported that high tides/tsunami hit Carita Beach in Banten Province and the coast around the Sunda Strait, specifically in Pandenglang, South Lampung and Serang districts on 22 December 2018 at 21:27hrs.
Nanang Dirja Islamic Relief Indonesia, Country Director, said:
“Families are still extremely frightened – some have lost loved ones, others their homes – and the threat of further tsunamis, earthquakes or a more aggressive eruption by Anak Krakatau cannot be ruled out.
“While some people have started to go back, others are telling us they cannot yet face the reality of what they will find amidst the rubble of what was once their homes and their communities.
December 26th marks 14 years since the Indian Ocean tsunami that killed more than 200,000 people in Aceh, at the northern end of Sumatra island. The capacity of the Indonesian Red Cross to prepare and respond to disasters has grown exponentially since. Just two months ago, volunteers in Banten province – one of the areas most greatly impacted by this weekend’s tsunami – were conducting training exercises on tsunami awareness and response. It included simulations and raising awareness on tsunamis within communities.
A tsunami hit along the coast of the Sunda Strait on 22 December 2018 at 21:27 hours (local time), affecting five districts in Banten and Lampung provinces with Pandeglang District as the most affected. The Meteorology,
Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) confirmed that the tsunami was caused by eruptions from Anak Krakatau volcano triggering an underwater landslide
In the aftermath of the tsunami that struck the Sunda Strait on the 22 December, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports as of 09:00 (UTC+7), 281 fatalities, with 1 016 persons injured and 57 missing. 11 687 people are displaced, with damage affecting 611 housing units, 69 hotel-villa units, 60 shops and 420 sea vessels. The Pandelang coast was hit the hardest, with 207 deaths, 755 injured, 7 missing, and 11 453 displaced. The districts of Serang, South Lampung, Tanggamus and Pesawara are also affected.
Tsunami struck Banten and Lampung on Saturday at 9:27 p.m. Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency detected and announced early warning on high tide around the coast in Sunda Strait valid from December 22 at 07.00 a.m to December 25 at 07.00 a.m.
As many as 611 houses, 69 hotels, 60 shops and 350 boats and a dozens of vehicles were damaged. Pandeglang was the most affected area with the death toll reached 207, 755 people were injured, 7 missing and 11,453 displaced. The other regency hit by the tsunami are Serang, South Lampung, Tanggamus, Pesawaran.
A tsunami with waves of 30-90 cm hit the coast of the Sunda Strait of Indonesia on 22 December 2018 local time in the evening. The districts of Pandeglang, Serang and South Lampung districts are reportedly most affected. Initial prediction from local authorities on the cause of the event could be that a possible underwater landslide due to the eruption of Mount Anak Krakatau combined with higher than usual tides due to the full moon.
Oxfam will work with the Government of Indonesia to provide clean water and hygiene facilities to people affected by the tsunami that hit Indonesia’s Sunda Strait.
The latest reports put the death toll at 373 with 128 reported missing, over 1,500 injured and more than 11,000 displaced from their homes. These numbers could grow worse as coastal towns of Sumatra and Java have been turned into rubble by the giant waves that hit on Sunday after Anak Krakatau erupted.